Adolphs R (2002). Neural systems for recognizing emotion. Curr Opin Neurobiol 12:169-177. Adolphs R, Damasio H, Tranel D, Cooper G, Damasio AR (2000). A role for somatosensory cortices in the visual recognition of emotion as revealed by three-dimensional lesion mapping. J Neurosci 20:2683-2690.

Adolphs R, Tranel D, Damasio AR (2003). Dissociable neural systems for recognizing emotions. Brain Cogn, 52:61-69.

Andreasen NC, O'Leary DS, Cizadlo T, et al. (1995). Remembering the past: Two facets of episodic memory explored with positron emission tomography. Am J Psychiatry 152: 1576-1585.

Beauregard M, Levesque J, Bourgouin P (2001). Neural correlates of conscious self-regulation of emotion. J Neurosci 21:RC165.

Bench CJ, Friston KJ, Brown RG, Scott LC, Frackowiak RS, Dolan RJ (1992). The anatomy of melancholia—focal abnormalities of cerebral blood flow in major depression. Psychol Med 22:607-615.

Berridge KC, Robinson TE (1998). What is the role of DA in reward: Hedonic impact, reward learning, or incentive salience? Brain Res Revs, 28:309-369.

Berthoz S, Artiges E, Van de Moortele P, Poline J, Rouquette S, Consoli SM, Martiinot J (2002). Effect of impaired recognition and expression of emotions on frontocingulate cortices: An fMRI study of men with alexithymia. Am J Psychiatry 159:961-967.

Blair RJ, Morris JS, Frith CD, Perrett DI, Dolan RJ (1999). Dissociable neural responses to facial expressions of sadness and anger. Brain 122:883-893.

Borod JC (1992). Interhemispheric and intrahemispheric control of emotion: A focus on unilateral brain damage. J Consult Clin Psychol 60:339-348.

Borod JC (2000). Neuropsychology of Emotion. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK.

Borod JC, Koff E, White B (1983). Facial asymmetry in posed and spontaneous expressions of emotion. Brain Cognit 2:165-175.

Borod JC, Koff E, Lorch MP, Nicholas M (1985). Channels of emotional expression in patients with unilateral brain damage. Arch Neurol 42:345-348.

Bowers D, Bauer RM, Coslett HB, Heilman KM (1985). Processing of faces by patients with unilateral hemisphere lesions. I. Dissociation between judgments of facial affect and facial identity. Brain Cognit 4:258-272.

Brannan S, Liotti M, Egan G, Shade R, Madden L, Robillard R, Abplanalp B, Stofer K, Denton D, Fox PT (2001). Neuroimaging of cerebral activations and deactivations associated with hypercapnia and hunger for air. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:2029-2034.

Breiter HC, Etcoff NL, Whalen PJ, Kennedy WA, Rauch SL, Buckner RL, Strauss MM, Hyman SE, Rosen BR. (1996). Response and habituation of the human amygdala during visual processing of facial expression. Neuron 17:875-887.

Breiter HC, Aharon I, Kahneman D, Dale A, Shizgal P (2001). Functional imaging of neural responses to expectancy and experience of monetary gains and losses. Neuron 30:619-639.

Bremner JD, Staib LH, Kaloupek D, Southwick SM, Soufer R, Charney DS (1999). Neural correlates of exposure to traumatic pictures and sound in Vietnam combat veterans with and without posttraumatic stress disorder: A positron emission tomography study. Biol Psychiatry 45:806-816.

Buchanan TW, Lutz K, Mirzazade S, Specht K, Shah NJ, Zilles K, Jancke L (2000). Recognition of emotional prosody and verbal components of spoken language: An fMRI study. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 9:227-238.

Caltagirone C, Zoccolotti P, Originale G, Daniele A, Mammucari A (1989). Autonomic reactivity and facial expression of emotion in brain-damaged patients. In Gainotti G, Caltagirone C (eds). Emotions and the Dual Brain, Springer: Berlin, pp. 204-221.

Carter CS, Lederhendeler I, Kirkpatrick B (eds) (1999). The Integrative Neurobiology of Affiliation. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.

Cory GA, Gardner R (eds) (2002). The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean. Praeger: Westport, CT.

Damasio AR (1996). The somatic marker hypothesis and the possible functions of the prefrontal cortex. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 351:1413-1420.

Damasio AR (1999). The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. Harcourt Brace: New York.

Damasio AR, Grabowski TJ, Bechara A, Damasio H, Ponto LL, Parvizi J, Hichwa RD (2000). Subcortical and cortical brain activity during the feeling of self-generated emotions. Nat Neurosci 3:1049-1056.

Darwin C (1874/1917). The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Appleton: New York.

Delgado MR, Nystrom LE, Fissell C, Noll DC, Fiez JA (2000). Tracking the hemodynamic responses to reward and punishment in the striatum. J Neurophysiol 84:3072-3077.

Dougherty DD, Shin LM, Alpert NM, Pitman RK, Orr SP, Lasko M, Macklin ML, Fisch-man AJ, Rauch SL (1999). Anger in healthy men: A PET study using script-driven imagery. Biol Psychiatry 46:466-472.

Drevets WC (2000). Neuroimaging studies of mood disorders. Biol Psychiatry 48:813-829.

Drevets WC, Raichle ME (1998). Reciprocal suppression of regional cerebral blood flow during emotional versus higher cognitive processes: Implications for interactions between emotion and cognition. Cognit Emot 12:353-385.

Drevets WC, Price JL, Simpson JR Jr, Todd RD, Reich T, Vannier M, Raichle ME (1997). Sub-genual prefrontal cortex abnormalities in mood disorders. Nature 386:824-827.

Ekman P, Davidson RJ (eds) (1994). The Nature of Emotion: Fundamental Questions, Oxford University Press: New York.

Elliott R, Friston KJ, Dolan RJ (2000). Dissociable neural responses in human reward systems. J Neurosci 20:6159-6165.

Fernandez-Carriba S, Loeches A, Morcillo A, Hopkins WD (2002). Asymmetry in facial expression of emotions by chimpanzees. Neuropsychologia 40:1523-1533.

Gainotti G (1972). Emotional behavior and hemispheric side of the lesion. Cortex 8:41-55.

Gainotti G (2001). Hemisphere asymmetries in representation and control of emotions: Evidence from unilateral brain damage. In Kaszniak A (ed). Emotions, Qualia, and Consciousness. World Scientific: Singapore, pp. 219-246.

Garrett AS, Maddock RJ (2001). Time course of the subjective emotional response to aversive pictures: Relevance to fMRI studies. Psychiatry Res 108:39-48.

George MS, Ketter TA, Parekh PI, Horwitz B, Herscovitch P, Post RM (1995). Brain activity during transient sadness and happiness in healthy women. Am J Psychiatry 152:341-51.

Gordon, NS, Burke S, Akil H, Watson SJ, Panksepp J (2003). Socially induced brain fertilization: Effects of play on brain derived neurotrophic factor. Neurosci. Lett. 341:17-20.

Gray JR, Braver TS, Raichle ME (2002). Integration of emotion and cognition in the lateral prefrontal cortex. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 99:4115-4120.

George MS, Ketter TA, Parekh PI, Horwitz B, Herscovitch P, Post RM (1995). Brain activity during transient sadness and happiness in healthy women. Am J Psychiatry 152:341-351.

Hannon GJ (2002). RNA interference. Nature 418:244-251.

Hariri AR, Bookheimer SY, Mazziotta JC (2000). Modulating emotional responses: Effects of a neocortical network on the limbic system. NeuroReport 11:43-48.

Harmer CJ, Thilo KV, Rothwell JC, Goodwin GM (2001). Transcranial magnetic stimulation of medial-frontal cortex impairs the processing of angry facial expressions. Nat Neurosci 4:17-18.

Heilman KM, Schwartz HD, Watson RT (1978). Hypoarousal in patients with the neglect syndrome and emotional indifference. Neurology 28:229-232.

Hull AM (2002). Neuroimaging findings in post-traumatic stress disorder. Systematic review. Br J Psychiatry 181:102-110.

Hyland BI, Reynolds JNJ, Hay J, Perk CG, Miller R (2002). Firing modes of midbrain dopamine cells in freely moving rats. Neuroscience 114:475-492.

Ikemoto S, Panksepp J (1999). The role of nucleus accumbens DA in motivated behavior: A unifying interpretation with special reference to reward-seeking. Brain Res Revs 31:6-41.

Insel T (1997). A neurobiological basis of social attachment. Am J Psychiatry 154:726-735.

Isenberg N, Silbersweig D, Engelien A, Emmerich S, Malavade K, Beattie B, Leon AC, Stern E (1999). Linguistic threat activates the human amygdala. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 10456-10459.

Kapler ES, Hariri AR, Mattay VS, McClure RK, Weinberger DR (2001). Correlated attenuation of amygdala and autonomic responses: A simultaneous fMRI and SCR study. Soc Neurosci Abstr 645:3.

Kapur S (2003). Psychosis as a state of aberrant salience: A framework linking biology, phenomenology, and pharmacology in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry 160:13-23.

Kastin AJ, Pan W, Maness LM, Banks WA (1999). Peptides crossing the blood-brain barrier: Some unusual observations. Brain Res 848:96-1000.

Ketter TA, Andreason PJ, George MS, Lee C, Gill DS, Parekh PI, Willis MW, Herscovitch P, Post RM (1996). Anterior paralimbic mediation of procaine-induced emotional and psycho-sensory experiences. Arch Gen Psychiatry 53:59-69.

Killgore WD, Oki M, Yurgelun-Todd DA (2001). Sex-specific developmental changes in amygdala responses to affective faces. NeuroReport 12:427-433.

Kimbrell TA, George MS, Parekh PI, Ketter TA, Podell DM, Danielson AL, Repella JD, Benson BE, Willis MW, Herscovitch P, Post RM (1999). Regional brain activity during transient self-induced anxiety and anger in healthy adults. Biol Psychiatry 46:454-465.

Klein DF (1993). False suffocation alarms, spontaneous panics, and related conditions. An inte-grative hypothesis. Arch Gen Psychiatry 50:306-317.

Knutson B, Adams CM, Fong GW, Hommer D (2001a). Anticipation of increasing monetary reward selectively recruits nucleus accumbens. J Neurosci 21:1-5.

Knutson B, Fong GW, Adams CM, Varner JL, Hommer D (2001b). Dissociation of reward anticipation and outcome with event-related fMRI. NeuroReport 12:3683-3687.

Koepp MJ, Gunn RN, Lawrence AD, Cunningham VJ, Dagher A, Jones T, Brooks DJ, Bench CJ, Grasby PM (1998). Evidence for striatal dopamine release during a video game. Nature 393:266-268.

Kolb B, Taylor L (1981). Affective behavior in patients with localized cortical excisions: Role of lesion site and side. Science 214:89-91.

Kovacs GL, Sarnyai Z, Szabo G. (1998). Oxytocin and addiction: A review. Psychoneuroen-docrinology 23:945-962.

LaBar KS, LeDoux JE, Spencer DD, Phelps EA (1995). Impaired fear conditioning following unilateral temporal lobectomy in humans. J Neurosci 15:6846-6855.

Lane RD, Reiman EM, Ahern GL, Schwartz GE, Davidson RJ (1997). Neuroanatomical correlates of happiness, sadness, and disgust. Am J Psychiatry 154:926-933.

Lane RD, Reiman EM, Axelord B, Lang-Sheng Y, Holmes A, Schwartz GE (1998). Neural correlates of levels of emotional awareness: Evidence of an interaction between emotional and attention in the anterior cingulate cortex. J Cogn Neurosci 10:525 -535.

LeDoux JE (1996). The Emotional Brain. Simon and Schuster: New York.

Levesque J, Eugene F, Joanette Y, Paquette V, Mensour B, Beaudoin G, Leroux J-M, Bour-gouin P, Beauregard M (2003). Neural circuitry underlying voluntary suppression of sadness. Biol Psychiat, 53:502-510.

Ley RG, Bryden MP (1979). Hemispheric differences in processing emotions and faces. Brain Lang 7:127-138.

Liotti M, Mayberg HS (2001). The role of functional neuroimaging in the neuropsychology of depression. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 23:121-136.

Liotti M, Tucker DM (1995). Emotion in asymmetric cortico-limbic networks. In Davidson RJ, Hugdahl K (eds). Brain Asymmetry. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA, pp. 389-423.

Liotti M, Mayberg HS, Brannan SK, McGinnis S, Jerabek P, Fox PT. (2000a). Differential lim-bic-cortical correlates of sadness and anxiety in healthy subjects: Implications for affective disorders. Biol Psychiatry 48:30-42.

Liotti M, Mayberg HS, Jones VM, Agan LC, Cook CI, Woldorff MG, Jerabek PA, Fox PT (2000b). Interactive effects in the anterior cingulate of sadness and selective attention: A PET study (abstract). Biol Psychiat 47:125S54.

Liotti M, Brannan S, Egan G, Shade R, Madden L, Abplanalp B, Robillard R, Lancaster J, Zamarripa FE, Fox PT, Denton D (2001). Brain responses associated with consciousness of breathlessness (air hunger). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:2035-2040.

Liotti M, Mayberg HS, McGinnis S, Brannan SL, Jerabek P (2002). Unmasking disease-specific cerebral blood flow abnormalities: Mood challenge in patients with remitted unipolar depression. Am J Psychiatry 159:1830-1840.

Liu Y, Pu Y, Gao JH, Parsons LM, Xiong J, Liotti M, Bower JM, Fo PT (2000). The human red nucleus and lateral cerebellum in supporting roles for sensory information processing. Hum Brain Mapp 10:147-159.

MacLean PD (1990). The Triune Brain in Evolution. Plenum Press: New York.

Mayberg HS (1997). Limbic-cortical dysregulation: A proposed model of depression. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 9:471-481.

Mayberg HS, Liotti M, Brannan SK, McGinnis S, Mahurin RK, Jerabek PA, Silva JA, Tekell JL, Martin CC, Lancaster JL, Fox PT (1999). Reciprocal limbic-cortical function and negative mood: Converging PET findings in depression and normal sadness. Am J Psychiatry 156: 675-682.

Mesulam MM, Mufson EJ (1982). Insula of the old world monkey. I. Architectonics in the insulo-orbito-temporal component of the paralimbic brain. J Comp Neurol 212:1-22.

Morris JS, Ohman A, Dolan RJ (1998). Conscious and unconscious emotional learning in the human amygdala. Nature 393:467-470.

Morris JS, Scott SK, Dolan RJ (1999). Saying it with feeling: Neural responses to emotional vocalizations. Neuropsychologia 37:1155-1163.

Morrow L, Vrtunski PB, Kim Y, Boller F (1981). Arousal responses to emotional stimuli and laterality of lesion. Neuropsychologia 19:65 -71.

Nelson EE, Panksepp J (1998). Brain substrates of infant-mother attachment: Contributions of opioids, oxytocin, and norepinephrine. Neurosci Biobehav Revs 22:437-452.

Nocjar C, Panksepp J (2002). Chronic intermittent amphetamine pretreatment enhances future appetitive behavior for drug- and natural-reward: Interaction with environmental variables. Behav Brain Res 128:189-203.

O'Doherty JP, Deichmann R, Critchley HD, Dolan RJ (2002). Neural responses during anticipation of a primary taste reward. Neuron 33:815-826.

Panksepp J (1981). Hypothalamic integration of behavior: Rewards, punishments, and related psychobiological process. In Morgane PJ, Panksepp J (eds). Handbook of the Hypothalamus, Vol. 3, Part A. Behavioral Studies of the Hypothalamus, Marcel Dekker: New York, pp. 289-487.

Panksepp J (1982). Toward a general psychobiological theory of emotions. Behav Brain Sci 5:407-467.

Panksepp J (1985). Mood changes. In Vinken PJ, Bruyn GW, Klawans HL (eds). Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Clinical Neuropsychology. Vol. 1. (45), Elsevier Science: Amsterdam, pp. 271-285.

Panksepp J (1990). The psychoneurology of fear: Evolutionary perspectives and the role of animal models in understanding human anxiety. In Burrows GD, Roth M, Noyes R (eds). Handbook of Anxiety, Vol. 3, The Neurobiology of Anxiety Elsevier: Amsterdam, pp. 3-58.

Panksepp J (1993). Neurochemical control of moods and emotions: Amino acids to neuropep-tides. In Lewis M, Haviland JM (eds). Handbook of Emotions, Guildford Press: New York, pp. 87-107.

Panksepp J (1998a). Affective Neuroscience: The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions. Oxford University Press: New York.

Panksepp J (1998b). The periconscious substrates of consciousness: Affective states and the evolutionary origins of the SELF. J Consciousness Studies, 5:566-582.

Panksepp J (2000). The neuro-evolutionary cusp between emotions and cognitions. Consciousness & Emotion, 1:15 -54.

Panksepp J (2001). The long-term psychobiological consequences of infant emotions: Prescriptions for the 21st century. Infant Mental Health 22:132-173.

Panksepp J (2003). At the interface of affective, behavioral and cognitive neurosciences. Decoding the emotional feelings of the brain. Brain & Cognition, 52:4-14.

Panksepp J, Burgdorf J, Gordon N, Turner C (2002). Treatment of ADHD with methylphenidate may sensitize brain substrates of desire. Implications for changes in drug abuse potential from an animal model. Consciousness & Emotion, 3:7-19.

Panksepp J, Burgdorf J, Turner C, Gordon N (2003). Modeling ADHD-type arousal with unilateral frontal cortex damage in rats and beneficial effects of play therapy. Brain & Cognition, 52:97-105.

Panksepp J, Burgdorf J (2003). "Laughing" rats and the evolutionary antecedents of human joy? Physiol. Behav. In press.

Papez JW (1937). A proposed mechanism of emotion, Arch Neurol Psychiatry 38:725-743.

Pardo JV, Pardo PJ, Raichle ME (1993). Neural correlates of self-induced dysphoria. Am J Psychiatry 150:713-719.

Parsons LM, Egan G, Liotti M, Brannan S, Denton D, Shade R, Robillard R, Madden L, Abplanalp B, Fox PT (2001). Neuroimaging evidence implicating cerebellum in the experience of hypercapnia and hunger for air. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:2041-2046.

Parvizi J, Anderson SW, Martin CO, Damasio H, Damasio AR (2001). Pathological laughter and crying: A link to the cerebellum. Brain 124(Pt 9):1708-1719.

Pfaff DW (1999). Drive: Neurobiological and Molecular Mechanisms of Sexual Motivation. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.

Phan KL, Wager T, Taylor SF, Liberzon I (2002). Functional neuroanatomy of emotion: A metaanalysis of emotion activation studies in PET and fMRI. Neuroimage 16:331-348.

Phillips ML, Young AW, Scott SK, Calder AJ, Andrew C, Giampietro V, Williams SC, Bull-more ET, Brammer M, Gray JA (1998). Neural responses to facial and vocal expressions of fear and disgust. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 265:1809-1817.

Pietrini P, Guazzelli M, Basso G, Jaffe K, Grafman J (2000). Neural correlates of imaginal aggressive behavior assessed by positron emission tomography in healthy subjects. Am J Psychiatry 157:1772-1781.

Poeck K (1969). Pathological laughing and weeping in patients with progressive bulbar palsy. GerMedMon 14:394-397.

Pontius AA (2002). Neuroethology, exemplified by limbic seizures with motiveless homicide in "limbic psychotic trigger reaction." In Cory GA, Gardner R (eds). The Evolutionary Neuroethology of Paul MacLean. Praeger: Westport, CT, pp. 167-192.

Posner MI, Petersen SE (1990). The attention system of the human brain. Annu Rev Neurosci 13:25 - 42.

Posner MI, Raichle ME (1994). Images of Mind. Scientific American Library: New York.

Rama P, Martinkauppi S, Linnankoski I, Koivisto J, Aronen HJ, Carlson S (2001). Working memory of identification of emotional vocal expressions: An fMRI study. Neuroimage 13: 1090-10101.

Reiman EM (1997). The application of positron emission tomography to the study of normal and pathologic emotions. J Clin Psychiatry 58 Suppl 16:4-12.

Reiman EM, Raichle ME, Robins E, Mintun MA, Fusselman MJ, Fox PT, Price JL, Hack-man KA (1989). Neuroanatomical correlates of a lactate-induced anxiety attack. Arch Gen Psychiatry 46:493-500.

Reiman EM, Lane RD, Ahern GL, Schwartz GE, Davidson RJ, Friston KJ, Yun LS, Chen K (1997). Neuroanatomical correlates of externally and internally generated human emotion. Am J Psychiatry 154:918-925.

Rinn WE (1984). The neuropsychology of facial expression: A review of the neurological and psychological mechanisms for producing facial expressions. Psychol Bull 95(1):52-77.

Rizzolatti G, Umilta C, Berlucchi G (1971). Opposite superiorities of the right and left cerebral hemispheres in discriminative reaction time to physiognomical and alphabetical material. Brain 94:431-442.

Robinson TE, Berridge KC (2000). The psychology and neurobiology of addiction: An incentive-sensitization view. Addiction, 95:S91 -117.

Robinson TE, & Berridge KC (2003). Addiction. Annual Review of Psychology, 54:25-53.

Robinson RG (1996). Emotional and psychiatric disorders associated with brain damage. In Panksepp J (ed). Advances in Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 2, JAI Press: Greenwich, CT, pp. 27-62.

Rolls ET (1999). The Brain and Emotion. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Robinson RG, Kubos KL, Starr LB, Rao K, Price TR (1984). Mood disorders in stroke patients. Importance of location of lesion. Brain 107 (Pt 1):81-93.

Rosadini G, Rossi GF (1967). On the suggested cerebral dominance for consciousness. Brain 90:101-112.

Ross ED (1981). The aprosodias: Functional-anatomic organization of the affective components of language in the right hemisphere. Arch Neurol 38:561-569.

Sackheim HA, Greenberg MS, Weiman AL, Gur RC, Hungerbuhler JP, Geschwind N (1982). Hemispheric asymmetry in the expression of positive and negative emotions. Neurologic evidence. Arch Neurol 39:210-218.

Sartori G, Umilta C (2000). How to avoid the fallacies of cognitive subtraction in brain imaging. Brain Lang 74:191-212.

Schmidt LA, Schulkin J (eds) (1999). Extreme Fear, Shyness, and Social Phobia. Oxford University Press: New York.

Schultz W (2000). Multiple reward signals in the brain. Nature Revs Neurosci 1:199-207.

Schultz W (2002). Getting formal with DA reward. Neuron 36:241-263.

Scott E, Panksepp J (2003). Rough-and-tumble play in human children. Aggressive Behavior, in press.

Shulman GL, Corbetta M, Buckner RL, Raichle ME, Fiez JA, Miezin FM, Petersen SE (1997). Top-down modulation of early sensory cortex. Cereb Cortex 7:193-206.

Solms M (2000). Dreaming and REM sleep are controlled by different brain mechanisms. Behav Brain Sci 23:843-850.

Sprengelmeyer R, Young AW, Calder AJ, Karnat A, Lange H, Homberg V, Perrett DI, Rowland D (1996). Loss of disgust. Perception of faces and emotions in Huntington's disease. Brain 119:1647-1665.

Sprengelmeyer R, Young AW, Pundt I, Sprengelmeyer A, Calder AJ, Berrios G, Winkel R, Voll-moeller W, Kuhn W, Sartory G, Przuntek H (1997). Disgust implicated in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 264:1767-1773.

Starkstein SE, Robinson RG (1988). Comparison of patients with and without poststroke major depression matched for size and location of lesion. Arch Gen Psychiatry 45:247-252.

Starkstein SE, Mayberg HS, Berthier ML, Fedoroff P, Price TR, Dannals RF, Wagner HN, Lei-guarda R, Robinson RG (1990). Mania after brain injury: Neuroradiological and metabolic findings. Ann Neurol 27:652-659.

Strauss E, Moscovitch M (1981). Perception of facial expressions. Brain Lang 13:308-332.

Thomas KM, Drevets WC, Dahl RE, Ryan ND, Birmaher B, Eccard CH, Axelson D, Whalen PJ, Casey BJ (2001). Amygdala response to fearful faces in anxious and depressed children. Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:1057-1063.

Tracey I, Ploghaus A, Gati JS, Clare S, Smith S, Menon RS, Matthews PM (2002). Imaging attentional modulation of pain in the periaqueductal gray in humans. J Neurosci 22: 2748-2752.

Tucker DM, Dawson SL (1984). Asymmetric EEG changes as method actors generated emotions. Biol Psychol 19:63-75.

Tucker DM, Williamson PA (1984). Asymmetric neural control systems in human self-regulation. Psychol Rev 91:185-215.

Van Lancker D, Sidtis JJ (1992). The identification of affective-prosodic stimuli by left- and right-hemisphere-damaged subjects: All errors are not created equal. J Speech Hear Res 35:963-970.

Van Ree JM, Niesink RJM, Van Wolfswinkel L, et al. (2000). Endogenous opioids and reward. Eur J Pharmacol 405:89-101.

Whalen PJ, Rauch SL, Etcoff NL, McInerney SC, Lee MB, Jenike MA (1998). Masked presentations of emotional facial expressions modulate amygdala activity without explicit knowledge. J Neurosci 18:411-418.

Wise RA (2002). Brain reward circuitry: Insights from unsensed incentives. Neuron, 36:229-240.

You ZB, Tzschentke TM, Brodin E, Wise RA (1998). Electrical stimulation of the prefrontal cortex increases cholecystokinin, glutamate, and dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens: An in vivo microdialysis study in freely moving rats. J Neurosci 18:6492-6500.

Zald DH (2003). The human amygdala and the emotional evaluation of sensory stimuli. Brain Res Revs 41:88-123.

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment