Introduction

Breast-feeding is associated with protection from a range ofinfections or infection-related conditions (Table 1). For infants in developing countries, breast-feeding is in many cases life saving2, but also in developed countries excess morbitity due to lack ofbreast-feeding may be substantial3. Some of the protective effects may derive from an altered mucosal colonization pattern in the breast-fed infant. In other instances breast-fed infants develop less symptoms to the same microbe which causes disease in the bottle-fed infant. This might relate either to a changed behaviour of the colonizing microbe, e.g. alteration of toxin or adhesin production, or to altered host responsiveness. For example, anti-diarrheal hormones or anti-inflammato-genic compounds in the milk might render the infant less sensitive to microbes and their toxins. Some mechanisms of importance for the protection ofthe breast-fed infants against infection will be reviewed here.

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

New Mothers Guide to Breast Feeding

For many years, scientists have been playing out the ingredients that make breast milk the perfect food for babies. They've discovered to day over 200 close compounds to fight infection, help the immune system mature, aid in digestion, and support brain growth - nature made properties that science simply cannot copy. The important long term benefits of breast feeding include reduced risk of asthma, allergies, obesity, and some forms of childhood cancer. The more that scientists continue to learn, the better breast milk looks.

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