Acknowledgements

Special thanks go to the following WHO staff for their support for this project: Catherine Le Gales-Camus, Assistant Director-General, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health; Robert Beaglehole, Director, Department of Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion; Rafael Bengoa, Director, Health Systems Policy and Operations; and Derek Yach, Representative of the Director-General.

Particular thanks go to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United States of America, for their generous financial support of this atlas.

For their creativity, artistic talent and innovative suggestions in the design and cartography of this atlas, we would Like to thank the Myriad Editions team of Candida Lacey, Corinne Pearlman, Hayley Ann and Isabelle Lewis.

Sincere thanks go to Pat Butler for her editorial input, and to all colleagues at the World Health Organization:

Dele Abegunde, Technical Officer, Cardiovascular Diseases, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Timothy Armstrong, Technical Officer, Surveillance and Information for Policy, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Vishal Arora, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health, South East Asia Region (SEARO);

Fabienne Besson, Secretary, Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Ties Boerma, Director, Measurement and Health Information Systems, Evidence and Information for Policy;

Ruth Bonita, Director, Surveillance, Office of Assistant Director-General, Evidence and Information for Policy;

Gian Luca Burci, Senior Legal Officer, Office of the Legal Counsel;

Somnath Chatterji, Scientist, Classification, Assessment, Surveys and Terminology, Evidence and Information for Policy;

Charles Gollmar, Group Leader, School Health and Youth Health Promotion, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Carina Marquez, Technical Officer, Surveillance and Information for Policy, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Colin Mathers, Scientist, Epidemiology and

Burden of Disease, Evidence and Information for Policy;

Shanthi Mendis, Coordinator, Cardiovascular Diseases, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Patricia Mucavele, Technical Officer, Nutrition for Health and Development, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Mona Nassef, Secretary, Cardiovascular Diseases, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Chizuru Nishida, Scientist, Nutrition for Health and Development, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Tomoko Ono, Technical Officer, Surveillance and Information for Policy, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Leanne Riley, Scientist, School Health and Youth Health Promotion, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Gojka Roglic, Technical Officer, Diabetes Mellitus, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Jukka Sailas, Scientist, Management Support Unit, Evidence and Information for Policy, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Bakuti Shengelia, Medical Officer, Cardiovascular Diseases, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Kate Strong, Acting Team Coordinator, Surveillance and Information for Policy, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health;

Bedirhan Ustun, Coordinator, Classification, Assessment, Surveys and Terminology, Evidence and Information for Policy;

Pierre-Michel Virot, Audiovisual and Training Team, Information Technology and Telecommunications;

Amalia Waxman, Project Manager, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health.

Thanks to our colleagues at the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United States of America:

Laurie D. Elam-Evans, Deputy Associate Director for Science, Division of Adult and Community Health;

Wayne H. Giles, Associate Director of Science, Division of Adult and Community Health;

Kurt J. Greenlund, Senior Epidemiologist, Science and Communication Unit, Cardiovascular Health

Branch, Division of Adult and Community Health;

Mary E. Hall, Public Health Analyst, Office of the Director;

Virginia Bales Harris, Director, Division of Adult and Community Health;

Marsha L. Houston, Health Communication Specialist, Cardiovascular Health Branch, Division of Adult and Community Health;

Frederick L. Hull, Deputy Chief, Technical Information and Editorial Services Branch, Office of the Director;

Margaret Malone, Deputy Chief, Cardiovascular Health Branch, Division of Adult and Community Health;

James S. Marks, Director.

For their input on particular maps and subjects, we would like to thank the following:

4 Risk factors start in childhood and youth

Samira Asma, Associate Director, Global Tobacco Control, Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA; Jonathan R. Carapetis, Consultant in Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Centre for International Child Health, University of Melbourne, Australia; Gilles Paradis, Division of Preventive Medicine, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada; Neville Rigby, Director of Policy and Public Affairs, International Obesity TaskForce, International Association for the Study of Obesity; Charles W. Warren, Distinguished Consultant /Demographer, Global Tobacco Control, Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA.

5 Risk factor: blood pressure Yussuf Saloojee, tobacco control advocate, South Africa.

6 Risk factor: lipids Robert Clarke, Clinical Trial Service Unit, Oxford University, United Kingdom; Rory Collins, Clinical Trial Service Unit, Oxford University, United Kingdom.

7 Risk factor: tobacco Omar Shafey, Manager, International Tobacco Surveillance, American Cancer Society, USA.

8 Risk factor: physical inactivity Krishnan Anand, Associate Professor, Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India.

12 Women: a special case? Sandra Coney, women's health advocate, New Zealand.

18 Research Rory Collins, Clinical Trial Service Unit,

Oxford University, United Kingdom; Hugh Tunstall-Pedoe, Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, University of Dundee, United Kingdom (MONICA study). 19 Organizations Children's Heart Link (USA): Karen Baumgaertner, International Programs Associate; John Cushing, International Programs Director. International Association for the Study of Obesity: Neville Rigby, Director of Policy and Public Affairs, International Obesity TaskForce. International Stroke Society: Julien Bogousslavsky, President-Elect; Frank M. Yatsu, Treasurer. World Heart Federation: Carola Adler, World Heart Day Manager; Sara Bowen, Website/IT Manager; Sania Nishtar, Chairman, World Heart Day Committee; Philip Poole-Wilson, President; Janet Voûte, Chief Executive Officer.

22 Health education World Heart Federation (as above); Eeva Riitta Vartiainen, Project Manager, International Quit and Win, Finland.

23 Policies and legislation Omar Shafey, Manager, International Tobacco Surveillance, American Cancer Society, USA.

25 The future Rory Collins, Clinical Trial Service Unit, Oxford University, United Kingdom; Anthony Rodgers, Clinical Trials Research Unit, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

26 Chronology Julien Bogousslavsky, President-Elect, International Stroke Society; Rory Collins, Clinical Trial Service Unit, Oxford University, United Kingdom; John W. Farquhar, Stanford Prevention Research Center, USA; David Simpson, International Agency on Tobacco and Health, London, United Kingdom.

We are also extremely grateful to our families for their support during the preparation of this atlas.

For the use of photographs, we would Like to thank the following:

Front cover Amy, Hong Kong © Guy Nowell, Hong Kong SAR, China. http://www.guynowell.com Back cover photographs Cardiology operation, Mauritius © WHO/Harry Anenden; man selling vegetables, India © WHO/Pierre Virot; man on bench © iStock/Tomaz Levstek; Woman and girl buying sweets, India © WHO/Pierre Virot Part 1 Child health examination, Cuba © WHO/Carlos Gaggero

Part 2 Woman cooking, Guatemala © WHO/Armando Waak

Part 3 Cardiology operation, USA © WHO/Jean Mohr

Part 4 Youth sport, Germany © WHO/Tibor Farkas Part 5 Adolescent group, Peru © WHO/Julio Vizcarra Part 6 Man selling vegetables, India © WHO/Pierre Virot

I Types of cardiovascular disease Heart © Hemera Photo-Objects

4 Risk factors start in childhood and youth Boy smoking, Seychelles © WHO/Harry Anenden; burger © Hemera Photo-Objects

6 Risk factor: lipids Arteries © American Heart Association; rice bowl © Hemera Photo-Objects

7 Risk factor: tobacco Smoking hand; young people, Canada © WHO/J L Ray; road signs, USA © Corinne Pearlman

8 Risk factor: physical inactivity TV viewer, biker, wheelchair user, woman with push-chair © Hemera Photo-Objects; people on scooter, New Delhi © Candida Lacey

9 Risk factor: obesity Groceries, USA © USDA/ Ken Hammond; apple and pear © Woodrow Phoenix/ Comic Company/British Dietetic Association

10 Risk factor: diabetes Men playing basketball, Finland © WHO/Farkas Tibor

II Risk factor: socioeconomic status Young boy smoking, China © Carol Betson

12 Women: a special case? Hospital patient, Finland © WHO/Tibor Farkas; smoking woman © iStock/ Tan Kian Khoon; obese woman © iStock/Annette Birkenfeld; women walking © iStock/Leah-Anne Thompson; menopausal woman © iStock/Joseph Jean Rolland Dube

13 Global burden of coronary heart disease

Cardiology operation, Mauritius © WHO/Harry Anenden

14 Deaths from coronary heart disease

Cardiology operation, USA © WHO/Jean Mohr; heart © Hemera Photo-Objects

15 Global burden of stroke Pills © iStock/Amanda Rohde

16 Deaths from stroke Man on bench © iStock/ Tomaz Levstek

17 Economic costs Rice © USDA/Ken Hammond; potatoes © USDA/Ken Hammond

19 Organizations WHO HQ Geneva © WHO/Pierre Virot

20 Prevention: personal choices and actions

Salad, USA © Corinne Pearlman; Amy, Hong Kong © Guy Nowell; grapefruit, runner © Hemera Photo-Objects

21 Prevention: population and systems approaches Good Heart Food leaflet © British Dietetic Association/Comic Company; hospital computer, UK © WHO/P Larsen; health examination © WHO/Julio Vizcarra

22 Health Education Posters © World Heart Federation

23 Policies and legislation Singapore bus © WHO/ Tibor Farkas; display, gymnasium, Singapore, © WHO; fried food, USA (bar chart) © Corinne Pearlman; man smoking, Sri Lanka (bar chart) © Garrett Mehl; burger © Hemera Photo-Objects

24 Treatment Man on bike, Finland © WHO/Tibor Farkas

Whilst every reasonable effort has been made to contact the copyright holders of images used in the atlas, the authors and publisher will gladly receive information that will enable them to rectify any inadvertent errors in subsequent editions.

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