How can you avoid getting HPV or genital warts

Ways that lower your risk of getting other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may also work to lower your risk of getting HPV or genital warts Abstain from sex with a person who has visible warts (although some infected people may not have visible warts but can still transmit the infection). Have sex with only one other uninfected person who has sex only with you (long-term mutual monogamy). Two people who are not infected cannot spread the infection to each other (although it's difficult to...

How can people protect themselves against infection

When a person has sex with someone whose STD status is unknown, a latex condom put on before beginning sex and worn until the penis is withdrawn can reduce the risk of infection. However, condoms do not provide complete protection, because a herpes lesion may not be covered by the condom and viral shedding may occur. If you or your partner has genital herpes, it is best to abstain from sex when symptoms are present, and to use latex condoms between outbreaks. Washing the genitals, urinating, or...

What are STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are diseases you can get by having sex - vaginal, oral, or anal - with someone who is already infected. STDs are caused by bacteria or viruses that are spread through blood, semen and vaginal fluids. Some STDs, like herpes and genital warts, are also spread simply by touching infected skin. If a woman is pregnant and has an STD, she and her developing baby may both be affected. Anyone who is sexually active can get an STD. Globally, an estimated 333...

Dangerous and Deadly Consequences

Most Americans are aware of HIV infection and AIDS, the most deadly of all STDs. But, for much of society, the other serious risks related to unsafe sexual behaviors may have been forgotten. There are over 20 diseases that are transmitted sexually. Many have serious and costly consequences. Some of the most common and serious STDs include Chlamydia An estimated 3,000,000 new cases each year. An estimated 1 in 10 of all American adolescent females are infected. Most infected females don't know...

How do people contract syphilis

The syphilis bacterium is passed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore. Sores mainly occur on the external genitalia, vagina, anus, or rectum. Sores can also occur on the lips and in the mouth. Transmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women with the disease can pass it to the babies they are carrying. An infected pregnant woman has about a 40 chance of having a stillbirth (syphilitic stillbirth) or delivering a baby who dies...

How do people get gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact (vaginal, oral, or anal). This includes penis-to-vagina, penis-to-mouth, penis-to-anus, mouth-to-vagina, and mouth-to-anus contact. Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhea to be transmitted or acquired. Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to child during birth. Gonorrhea infection can spread to other unlikely parts of the body. For example, a person can get an eye infection after touching infected genitals and then the eyes. Individuals...

What are the symptoms and complications of gonorrhea

When initially infected, about 50 of men have some signs or symptoms. Symptoms and signs include a burning sensation when urinating and a yellowish white discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. In men, gonorrhea can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the testicles that can sometimes lead to infertility if left untreated. Without prompt treatment, gonorrhea can also affect the prostate and can lead to scarring inside the urethra, making...

Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction Counseling Guidance and Training for Health Care Providers

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning the purpose and content of sexual risk assessment and risk reduction counseling by health care providers. A Gallop Organization poll commissioned by ASHA in 1995, found that over half of adults and over one-third of teens said their health care providers spend no time at all'' discussing STDs with them. Kaiser Family Foundation Glamour survey conducted in 1997 found that STDs are rarely...

How can we reduce our risk of getting one of these diseases What are the options Abstain from sex or delay sex

Refraining from having sexual intercourse with an infected partner is the best way to prevent transmission of HIV and other STDs. People can choose to not have sex. People can also decide to wait, or delay sex, until a later time in their life. They may choose to have personal relationships that do not involve sex. Choose Outer-course vs. Intercourse Outer-course is non-penetrative contact, such as massaging, hugging, and kissing. Non-penetrative contact vs. intercourse can eliminate...

How do you get HPV or genital warts

Genital HPV and genital warts are usually spread by direct, skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal or (rarely) oral sex with someone who has this infection. Genital warts are growths or bumps that appear on the vulva, in or around the vagina or anus, on the cervix, or on the penis, scrotum, or groin. They may be raised or flat, single or multiple, small or large. Warts may appear within several weeks after sex with a person who has HPV or they may take months or years to appear or they may...

What family planning services are available through the Navy

BUMED Instruction 6300.9 directs Naval medical facilities, including facilities on board naval vessels, to provide (or authorizes them to provide referral to) family planning services. Also, MANMED Article 15-76 provides annual health maintenance examination requirements for all active duty women which includes family planning, contraceptive counseling, and STD prevention counseling. Counseling should include information on availability and effectiveness of birth control methods (including...

Sexual Health and Responsibility Program SHARP

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning the Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP) mission, vision, goals, products, and services. The Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP) is one of the teams within the Directorate of Health Promotion and Population Health of the Navy Environmental Health Center. Provide Department of Navy (DoN) members and family members with health information, education, and behavior...

Is genital herpes serious

HSV-2 usually produces mild symptoms, and most people with HSV-2 infection have no recognized symptoms. However, HSV-2 can cause recurrent painful genital ulcers in many adults, and the infection can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems. Regardless of severity of symptoms, genital herpes frequently causes psychological distress among people who know they are infected. In addition, HSV-2 can cause potentially fatal infections in infants if the mother is shedding virus at the time...

SHARP Fact Fact Sheets

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning - pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases - Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Bacterial Vaginosis, Trichomoniasis, Genital Herpes, Human Papillomavirus, and Hepatitis B - safer options to reduce risk, including male and female condoms, and - talking to teens about sexual responsibility, and family planning. The following pages in this chapter are SHARP FACTS which are 1 page (double sided)...

The Impact of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Unplanned Pregnancy

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning the impact of sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancy. Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended that is, at the time of conception the pregnancy was not planned or not wanted. Nearly half of all unintended pregnancies end in abortion. The rates remain highest among teenagers, women aged 40 years or older, and low-income African American women. Approximately 1...