Genital Ulcer Diseases and Human Papillomavirus

Genital ulcer diseases and HPV infections Genital ulcer diseases and HPV infections can occur in both male or female genital areas that are covered or protected by a latex condom, as well as in areas that are not covered. Correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of genital herpes, syphilis, and chancroid only when the infected area or site of potential exposure is protected. While the effect of condoms in preventing human papillomavirus infection is unknown, condom use...

What is genital herpes

Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV-type 1 commonly causes fever blisters on the mouth or face (oral herpes), while HSV-type 2 typically affects the genital area (genital herpes). However, both viral types can cause either genital or oral infections. Most of the time, HSV-1 and HSV-2 are inactive, or silent, and cause no symptoms, but some infected people have outbreaks of blisters and ulcers. Once infected with HSV, people remain...

Who should be treated for bacterial vaginosis

Although BV will sometimes clear up without treatment, all women with symptoms of BV should be treated to avoid such complications as PID. Treatment is especially important for pregnant women. All pregnant women, regardless of symptoms, who have ever had a premature delivery or low birth weight baby should be considered for a BV examination and be treated when necessary. All pregnant women who have symptoms of BV should be checked and treated. Male partners generally do not need to be treated....

Which of my partners need to know about this

For each disease, there is a recommended contact tracing period. Anyone you have had sex with during the contact 60 days (or most recent partner if > 60 days) 60 days (or most recent partner if > 60 days) within 14 days after the most recent sexual contact No contact time period specified. Minimally, current sexual partners, needle-sharing partners and nonsexual household contacts should be offered hepatitis B vaccine. Long-term, steady sex partners should be informed of the low but present...

Foreword

This course is a component of the Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP). It is designed to provide Navy and Marine Corps leaders, medical professionals, and peer educators with information about sexual health, including HIV, other STDs and unplanned pregnancy, to assist their efforts to educate Sailors and Marines. Upon completion of the attached quiz, a Certificate of Completion will be issued by the Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP) Manager. Comments on this course...

How can I avoid contracting syphilis

Two people who know they are not infected and who have no other sex partners besides each other cannot contract syphilis. When a person has sex with a person whose STD status is unknown, a latex condom put on before beginning sex and worn until the penis may reduce the risk infection. Only lab tests can confirm someone has syphilis. Because syphilis sores can be hidden in the vagina, rectum, or mouth, it is not obvious by looking to determine whether a partner has syphilis. Washing the...

What is the female condom

The female condom is made of polyurethane, a soft, thin plastic which is stronger than the latex used to manufacture most male condoms. The female condom is lubricated and disposable. The lubricant is non-spermicidal. It has a 5-year shelf life and is resistant to the deleterious effects of heat and humidity. The female condom fits loosely in the vagina and has a soft ring at each end. The ring at the closed end is used to put the device inside the vagina and to hold it in place during sex. The...

Discharge Diseases Including Gonorrhea Chlamydia and Trichomoniasis

Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis are termed discharge diseases because they are sexually transmitted by genital secretions, such as semen or vaginal fluids. HIV is also transmitted by genital secretions. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that latex condoms provide an essentially impermeable barrier to particles the size of STD pathogens. Theoretical...

Where can I get more information

For detailed information, counseling, and access to birth control options, contact your medical provider. A medical provider should be consulted if your child may have been exposed to any sexually transmitted disease or if they may be pregnant. CDC provides information through their National STD Hotline at (800) 227-8922. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy offers information for parents and teens through their website at http www.teenpregnancy.org For further information regarding...

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Including HIV

Sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective in preventing transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. In addition, correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including discharge and genital ulcer diseases. While the effect of condoms in preventing human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is unknown, condom use has been associated with a lower rate of...

What happens when someone is infected with genital herpes

Most people infected with HSV-2 are not aware of their infection. However, if symptoms occur during the primary episode, they can be quite pronounced. The primary episode usually occurs within two weeks after the virus is transmitted, and lesions typically heal within two to four weeks. Other symptoms during the primary episode may include a second crop of lesions, or flu-like symptoms, including fever and swollen glands. However, some individuals with HSV-2 infection may never have lesions, or...

Where did HIV come from

Scientists have different theories about the origin of HIV, but none have been proven. The earliest known case of HIV was from a blood sample collected in 1959 from a man in Kinshasha, Democratic Republic of Congo. (How he became infected is not known.) Genetic analysis of this blood sample suggests that HIV-1 may have stemmed from a single virus in the late 1940s or early 1950s. We do know that the virus has existed in the United States since at least the mid- to late 1970s....

How can pregnant women protect themselves against infection

Although a woman may be monogamous during her pregnancy, she can remain at risk of STDs if her partner is not monogamous. For this reason, she may want to consider consistent and correct use of latex condoms for every act of intercourse. Condoms can be expected to provide different levels of risk reduction for different STDs. There is no one definitive study about condom effectiveness for all STDs. Several studies have demonstrated that condoms can reduce the risk of acquiring chlamydia,...

How can my partners be given the information they need

There are a few ways to go about this. You might choose a different approach for each of partner, depending on your relationships and what you feel will work best for you and for them. Your health care professional will discuss each of these with you and help you formulate a plan. - Option 1, Client referral. You inform your partner that you have the disease and they may also have it. Use the name of the disease, and emphasize that it is very important they see a doctor promptly, even if they...

Why should my sexual partner be told that I have a sexually transmitted disease

If you have a sexually transmitted disease, any or all of the people you had sex with (vaginal, oral, or anal sex) may also be infected with the disease. But they may not even know they are infected. By notifying them, you can help ensure they receive the medical treatment they need. Telling your partner shows you respect and care about them. Your honesty may build trust and may encourage your partner to share sexual health information with you. Telling your partner may also prevent future...

How can I protect myself from contracting hepatitis B

Not having sex is the most effective way to prevent getting an infection. Monogamy is also safe two people who only have sex with each other are safe if neither partner is infected. People who choose to have sex outside a monogamous relationship but don't know whether their partners carry this virus can protect themselves by receiving the vaccine series. Condoms may also be effective in preventing hepatitis B transmission. Washing the genitals, urinating, or douching after sex does not prevent...

How can you avoid getting HPV or genital warts

Ways that lower your risk of getting other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) may also work to lower your risk of getting HPV or genital warts Abstain from sex with a person who has visible warts (although some infected people may not have visible warts but can still transmit the infection). Have sex with only one other uninfected person who has sex only with you (long-term mutual monogamy). Two people who are not infected cannot spread the infection to each other (although it's difficult to...

How can people protect themselves against infection

When a person has sex with someone whose STD status is unknown, a latex condom put on before beginning sex and worn until the penis is withdrawn can reduce the risk of infection. However, condoms do not provide complete protection, because a herpes lesion may not be covered by the condom and viral shedding may occur. If you or your partner has genital herpes, it is best to abstain from sex when symptoms are present, and to use latex condoms between outbreaks. Washing the genitals, urinating, or...

What are STDs

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are diseases you can get by having sex - vaginal, oral, or anal - with someone who is already infected. STDs are caused by bacteria or viruses that are spread through blood, semen and vaginal fluids. Some STDs, like herpes and genital warts, are also spread simply by touching infected skin. If a woman is pregnant and has an STD, she and her developing baby may both be affected. Anyone who is sexually active can get an STD. Globally, an estimated 333...

Dangerous and Deadly Consequences

Most Americans are aware of HIV infection and AIDS, the most deadly of all STDs. But, for much of society, the other serious risks related to unsafe sexual behaviors may have been forgotten. There are over 20 diseases that are transmitted sexually. Many have serious and costly consequences. Some of the most common and serious STDs include Chlamydia An estimated 3,000,000 new cases each year. An estimated 1 in 10 of all American adolescent females are infected. Most infected females don't know...

How do people contract syphilis

The syphilis bacterium is passed from person to person through direct contact with a syphilis sore. Sores mainly occur on the external genitalia, vagina, anus, or rectum. Sores can also occur on the lips and in the mouth. Transmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women with the disease can pass it to the babies they are carrying. An infected pregnant woman has about a 40 chance of having a stillbirth (syphilitic stillbirth) or delivering a baby who dies...

How do people get gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact (vaginal, oral, or anal). This includes penis-to-vagina, penis-to-mouth, penis-to-anus, mouth-to-vagina, and mouth-to-anus contact. Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhea to be transmitted or acquired. Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to child during birth. Gonorrhea infection can spread to other unlikely parts of the body. For example, a person can get an eye infection after touching infected genitals and then the eyes. Individuals...

What are the symptoms and complications of gonorrhea

When initially infected, about 50 of men have some signs or symptoms. Symptoms and signs include a burning sensation when urinating and a yellowish white discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. In men, gonorrhea can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the testicles that can sometimes lead to infertility if left untreated. Without prompt treatment, gonorrhea can also affect the prostate and can lead to scarring inside the urethra, making...

Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction Counseling Guidance and Training for Health Care Providers

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning the purpose and content of sexual risk assessment and risk reduction counseling by health care providers. A Gallop Organization poll commissioned by ASHA in 1995, found that over half of adults and over one-third of teens said their health care providers spend no time at all'' discussing STDs with them. Kaiser Family Foundation Glamour survey conducted in 1997 found that STDs are rarely...

How can we reduce our risk of getting one of these diseases What are the options Abstain from sex or delay sex

Refraining from having sexual intercourse with an infected partner is the best way to prevent transmission of HIV and other STDs. People can choose to not have sex. People can also decide to wait, or delay sex, until a later time in their life. They may choose to have personal relationships that do not involve sex. Choose Outer-course vs. Intercourse Outer-course is non-penetrative contact, such as massaging, hugging, and kissing. Non-penetrative contact vs. intercourse can eliminate...

How do you get HPV or genital warts

Genital HPV and genital warts are usually spread by direct, skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, anal or (rarely) oral sex with someone who has this infection. Genital warts are growths or bumps that appear on the vulva, in or around the vagina or anus, on the cervix, or on the penis, scrotum, or groin. They may be raised or flat, single or multiple, small or large. Warts may appear within several weeks after sex with a person who has HPV or they may take months or years to appear or they may...

What family planning services are available through the Navy

BUMED Instruction 6300.9 directs Naval medical facilities, including facilities on board naval vessels, to provide (or authorizes them to provide referral to) family planning services. Also, MANMED Article 15-76 provides annual health maintenance examination requirements for all active duty women which includes family planning, contraceptive counseling, and STD prevention counseling. Counseling should include information on availability and effectiveness of birth control methods (including...

Sexual Health and Responsibility Program SHARP

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning the Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP) mission, vision, goals, products, and services. The Sexual Health and Responsibility Program (SHARP) is one of the teams within the Directorate of Health Promotion and Population Health of the Navy Environmental Health Center. Provide Department of Navy (DoN) members and family members with health information, education, and behavior...

Is genital herpes serious

HSV-2 usually produces mild symptoms, and most people with HSV-2 infection have no recognized symptoms. However, HSV-2 can cause recurrent painful genital ulcers in many adults, and the infection can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems. Regardless of severity of symptoms, genital herpes frequently causes psychological distress among people who know they are infected. In addition, HSV-2 can cause potentially fatal infections in infants if the mother is shedding virus at the time...

SHARP Fact Fact Sheets

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning - pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases - Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Bacterial Vaginosis, Trichomoniasis, Genital Herpes, Human Papillomavirus, and Hepatitis B - safer options to reduce risk, including male and female condoms, and - talking to teens about sexual responsibility, and family planning. The following pages in this chapter are SHARP FACTS which are 1 page (double sided)...

The Impact of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Unplanned Pregnancy

Upon completion of this chapter, the student will be able to identify and discuss basic facts concerning the impact of sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancy. Half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended that is, at the time of conception the pregnancy was not planned or not wanted. Nearly half of all unintended pregnancies end in abortion. The rates remain highest among teenagers, women aged 40 years or older, and low-income African American women. Approximately 1...