Origins of Multibonding

Numerous factors have been identified that appear to influence the occurrence of multi-bonding in human populations. (For a rela tively brief discussion of its evolution in bird and animal species, the reader is urged to consult Gr0nst0l, Byrkjedal, and Fiksen, 2003 Ptak and Lachmann, 2003). The demographic perspective posits that males may experience higher rates of mortality than females due to disease, warfare, and or occupational dangers associated with activities such as hunting, ocean...

Preface

Research tells us that sex is often unsafe. A survey of sexual behavior reported that only 40 of 16 to 45 year olds in the U.K. consistently use a condom with a casual sex partner. This compares with 69 in France, 56 in the U.S., 48 in Italy, 36 in Spain, 32 in Germany, 28 in Russia, 25 in Canada, and 20 in Poland (Durex, 1996). Large proportions of individuals in the same age range say that they have been unfaithful in their relationships 50 of Americans surveyed, 42 of British, 40 of Germans...

Pedophilia and Child Molestation

Significant confusion surrounds the use of the term pedophilia. First, the term pedophilia is often used to refer to incest, in addition to nonfamilial adult-child sexual relations (e.g., McConaghy, 2001). In addition, the term pedophilia has been used by a number of researchers to encompass a much broader population. Finkelhor and Araji (1986), for example, have used the term to refer to all individuals who have any sexual interest or contact with a child, regardless of the transient nature of...

Multibonding Across Cultures Case Examples

As indicated, attitudes towards the bonding of multiple parties concurrently varies across cultures and societies and may range from encouragement of and support for formalized multi-party unions to the imposition of legal sanctions. Within this broad spectrum, societies may accept, tolerate, or decry less formal arrangements, such as sexual relationships outside of a primary, legally sanctioned relationship. This section examines the occurrence of multiple unions in three diverse settings and...

References

Kikuyu bridewealth and polygyny today. Journal ofComparative Family Studies 25(2) 159-166. Al-Krenawi, A. (1998). Family therapy with a multiparental multi-spousal family. Family Process 37 65-81. Al-Krenawi, A. (1996). Group work with Bedouin widows of the Negev in a medical clinic. Affilia Journal of Women and Social Work 11 303318. Al-Krenawi, A., Graham, R.J. (1996). Social work among the Bedouin of the Negev, Israel. International Social Work 39 177-188....

Defining and Identifying Multibonding

Non-monogamous relationships can take any number of forms, including, but not limited to, serial pair-bonding (known most frequently as serial monogamy), polygamy, polyandry, communal living, and open pair-bondings, where sexual or sexual-emotional relationships outside of the primary one are tolerated to a greater or lesser degree (cf. Robinson, 1997). Polygyny has been defined as the marriage of a man to two or more women at the same time (Moorehead, 1991 311), or the practice of plural...

Defining Monogamy

Researchers reported from the National Health and Social Life Survey (NHSLS) that the vast majority of American men and women aged 18 to 59 are monogamous (Klitsch, 1995). Researchers have asserted that most men and women in the world are monogamous (one spouse) they wed only one individual at a time. Many societies permit polygyny. But in most of these cultures only about 10 percent of men actually practice polygyny even were polygyny is widespread, only about 25 percent of men have several...

Origins of Fetish Practice

Numerous theories have been advanced to explain the initiation and, to a lesser extent, the maintenance of fetish behaviors. This por- Submission-Dominance Sadomasochistic Behavior Submission-Dominance Sadomasochistic Behavior Figure 4. Relationship between Fetish Behavior, Submission-Dominance Behavior, and Transvestic Behavior Figure 4. Relationship between Fetish Behavior, Submission-Dominance Behavior, and Transvestic Behavior tion of the chapter provides a brief synopsis of these theories,...