Many other prognostic systems have been proposed for stratifying disease severity. These include the Glasgow criteria ( Table 2-9 ),1 ' the APACHE-II score,1 ' the Simplified Acute Physiology (SAP) score,1 ' the Medical Research Council Sepsis (MRCS) score,1 ' the Stevens' Surgical Sepsis score,1 ' and the CT-based system described by Balthazar and colleagues.1 ' All these systems have been found useful in predicting outcome and prognosis in AP. A Ranson or Glasgow score of 3 or more or an APACHE-II
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Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.