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Chemo Secrets From a Breast Cancer Survivor

Breast Cancer Survivors

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doses of RT (with chemotherapy when appropriate) are generally required for effective durable palliation1 • and should be used whenever life expectancy is greater than 3 months and Karnofsky performance status is 60 or greater. For

Figure 20-1 Demonstration of a beam's eye view treatment planning. The esophagus and spinal cord have been circled on the computed tomography scan and are superimposed onto the digitally reconstructed radiograph (upper right) created to show how the beam will "see" the body at an oblique angle. The computed tomography images on left and bottom also show how the beam will cross the body. The beam will be further shaped with alloy blocks to shield normal tissues, especially the spinal cord.

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Figure 20-2 A conventional simulation radiograph showing an outline of the blocks that shield spinal cord and other normal tissue.

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Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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