14. Takishima, T., Sugimoto, K., Hirata, M., et al.: Serum amylase level on admission in the diagnosis of blunt injury to the pancreas: Its significance and limitations. Ann. Surg., 226:70, 1997.

15. Yoshii, H., Sate, M., Yamamoto, S., et al.: Usefulness and limitations of ultrasonography in the initial evaluation of blunt abdominal trauma. J. Trauma, 45:45, 1998.

16. Jeffrey, R.B., Federle, M.P., and Crass, R.A.: Computed tomography of pancreatic trauma. Radiology, 147:491, 1983.

17. Peitzman, A.B., Makaroun, M.S., Stasky, B.S., et al.: Prospective study of computed tomography in initial management of blunt abdominal trauma. J. Trauma, 26:585, 1986.

18. Kopelman, D., Suissa, A., Klein, Y., and Hashmonai, M.: Pancreatic duct injury: Intraoperative endoscopic transpancreatic drainage of parapancreatic abscess. J. Trauma, 44:555, 1998.

19. Harrell, D.J., Vitale, G.C., and Larson, G.M.: Selective role for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in abdominal trauma. Surg. Endosc., 12:400, 1998.

20. Warshaw, A.L.: Conservation of the spleen with distal pancreatectomy. Arch. Surg., 123:550, 1988.

21. Moore, E., Cogbill, I., Jurkovich, G., et al.: Organ injury seating III: Pancreas, duodenum, small bowel, colon, and rectum. J. Trauma, 30:1427, 1990.

22. Fabian, T.C., Kudsk, K.A., Croce, M.A., and Payne, L.W.: Superiority of closed suction drainage for pancreatic trauma. Ann. Surg., 211:724, 1990.

23. Cogbill, T., Moore, F., Morris, J.J., et al.: Distal pancreatectomy for trauma: A multicenter experience. J. Trauma, 31:1600, 1991.

24. Fitzgibbons, T.J., Yellin, A.E., Maruyama, M.M., et al.: Management of the transected pancreas following distal pancreatectomy. Surg. Gynecol. Obstet., 154:225, 1982.

25. Schein, M., Freinkel, W., and D'Egidio, A.: Splenic conservation in distal pancreatic injury: Stay away from the hilum! J. Trauma, 31:431, 1991.

26. Jones, R.C.: Management of pancreatic trauma. Am. J. Surg., 150:698, 1985.

27. Wisner, D., Wold, K., and Frey, C.: Diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic injuries: An analysis of management principles. Arch. Surg., 125:1109, 1990.

28. Gentilello, L.M., Cortes, V., Buechter, K.J., et al.: Whipple procedure for trauma: Is duct ligation a safe alternative to pancreaticojejunostomy? J. Trauma, 31:661, 1991.

29. Feliciano, D.V., Martin, I.D., Cruse, P.A., et al.: Management of combined pancreatoduodenal injuries. Ann. Surg., 205:673, 1987.

30. Oreskovich, M.R., and Carrico, C.J.: Pancreaticoduodenectomy for trauma: A viable option? Am. J. Surg., 147:618, 1984.

31. Patton, J.H., Lyden, S.P., Croce, M.A., and Pritchard, F.E.: Pancreatic trauma: A simplified management guideline. J. Trauma, 43:234, 1997.

32. Berne, C.J., Donovan, A.J., White, E.J., et al.: Duodenal diverticulization for duodenal and pancreatic injury. Am. J. Surg., 127:503, 1974.

33. Buck, J., Sorensen, V., Fath, J., et al.: Severe pancreaticoduodenal injuries: The effectiveness of pyloric exclusion with vagotomy. Am. Surg., 58:551, 1992.

34. Vaughan, G.D., III, Frazier, O.H., Graham, D.Y., et al.: The use of pyloric exclusion in the management of severe duodenal injuries. Am. J. Surg., 134:785, 1977.

35. Heimansohn, D., Canal, D., McCarthy, M., et al.: The role of pancreaticoduodenectomy in the management of traumatic injuries to the pancreas and duodenum. Am. Surg., 56:511, 1990.

36. Marcus, S.G., Cohen, H., and Ranson, J.C.: Optimal management of the pancreatic remnant after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Ann. Surg., 221:635, 1995.

37. Roder, J.D., Stein, H.J., Bottcher, K.A., et al.: Stented versus nonstented pancreaticojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Ann. Surg., 229:41, 1999.

38. Sjovall, A., and Hirsch, K.: Blunt abdominal trauma in children: Risks of nonoperative treatment. J. Pediatr. Surg., 32:1169, 1997.

39. Keller, M.S., Stafford, P.W., and Vane, D.W.: Conservative management of pancreatic trauma in children. J. Trauma, 42:1097, 1997.

40. Lucaya, J., Vazquez, E., Caballero, F., and Chait, P.G.: Non-operative management of traumatic pancreatic pseudocysts associated with pancreatic duct laceration in children. Pediatr. Radiol., 28:5, 1998.

41. Buchler, M., Friess, H., Klempa, I., et al.: Role of octreotide in the prevention of postoperative complications following pancreatic resection. Am. J. Surg., 163:125, 1992.

42. Amirata, E., Livingston, D.H., and Elcavage, J.: Octreotide acetate decreases pancreatic complications after pancreatic trauma. Am. J. Surg., 168:345, 1994.

43. Nwariaku, F.E., Terracina, A., Mileski, W.J., et al.: Is octreotide beneficial following pancreatic injury? Am. J. Surg., 170:582, 1995.

44. Martineau, P., Whwed, J.A., and Denis, R.: Is octreotide a new hope for enterocutaneous and external pancreatic fistulas closure? Am. J. Surg., 172:386, 1996.

45. Bradley, E.L., III, Young, P.R., Jr., Chang, M.C., et al.: Diagnosis and initial management of blunt pancreatic trauma. Ann. Surg., 227:861, 1998.

46. Shilyansky, J., Sena, L.M., Kreller, M., et al.: Nonoperative management of pancreatic injuries in children. J. Pediatr. Surg., 33:343, 1998.


Chapter S - Pancreatic Problems in infants and Children

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment