Ch3

Glycopyrrolate inhibits secretion of digestive juices and restores normal stomach function. It is used for treating stomach ulcers, inflamed intestine, and also as a pre-operational drug for inhibiting excess stomach secretion. A synonym of this drug is robinul.

Isopropamide: Isopropamide, (3-carbamoyl-3,3-diphenylpropyl)di-iso-propylmethyl ammonium iodide (14.1.25), is synthesized by alkylating diphenylacetonitrile with di-iso-propylaminoethylchloride in the presence of sodium amide, and the subsequent hydrolysis of the nitrile group of the resulting compound (14.1.23) to an amide group (14.1.24). Alkylation of this compound with methyliodide gives isopropamide (14.1.25) [19-22].

CH(CH3)2

CH(CH3)2

ch2-ch2-n(

14123 CH(CH3)2

h2so4

^ ic-conh2

CH3Br

CH(CH3)2

ch2-ch2-n(

14124 CH(CH3)2

Isopropamide inhibits muscarinic action of acetylcholine on postganglionic parasym-pathetic effector regions. It is used for treating stomach ulcers and inflamed intestine. Synonyms of this drug are darbid and mobadid.

Hexocyclium: Hexocyclium, 4-(/i-cyclohexyl-/i-hydroxyphenethyl)-1,1-piperazinium methylsulfate (14.1.28), is synthesized by alkylating 1-methylpiperazine with a-brom-acetophenone, which forms 4-methyl-1-phenacylpiperazine (14.1.26). Reacting this with cyclohexylmagnesiumbromide gives 4-(^-cyclohexyl-^-hydroxyphenethyl)-1,1-piper-azine (14.1.27), the alkylation of which using dimethylsulfate gives hexocyclium [23].

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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