Drugs used for lowering the glucose level in the blood are called hypoglycemic agents. Likewise, substances that raise the level of glucose in the blood are called hyperglycemic agents. Changes in the level of glucose in the blood can be caused by various reasons, the primary cause being diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease associated with a high level of blood sugar and as a rule, disturbance of carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism. The most common biochemical condition in diabetes mellitus is ketoacidosis. Insulin and other hypoglycemic agents are used to treat diabetes mellitus. Depending on the condition of the organism, diabetes is classified into two types. Insulindependant (type I), in which there is suppression of endogenous insulin production by the organism itself, and insulin-independent (type II), which results either because of insufficient insulin production, or because of a breakdown of insulin receptors, which is usually a result of other problems in the organism, in particular, obesity.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.