Homemade Organic Fertilizer Recipe

Fertilizers Home Made Formulas

In this information you will find recipes and techniques that work to: Protect your house and lawn with special indoor and outdoor Shock Treatments: Ants, Snails, Slugs, Roaches, Fleas, Earwigs, Cockroaches, Silverfish, Beetles, Termites and Webworms. Say good-bye to those annoying yellow spots. Learn the secret to keep your grass greener in water restricted areas and in hot weather. Treat your lawn with a deworming concoction. (learn how and why you must do it once a year) Use effective Natural Insecticides (it's now time to learn what they are and how to use them. in the years to come, only natural insecticides will be permitted by cities!) Avoid serious plant, pet and child health problems caused by toxic commercial products. Protect yourself and your family against the nile virus in 1 minute. Kill ants and destroy the entire colony in 3 days or less. Kill harmful insects while fertilizing your soils.

Fertilizers Home Made Formulas Summary


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Nonbiogenic Toxic Substances Metals

Several concentrations detected in the algal samples can be seen to exceed the recommended limit. The main causes for these high levels are environmental pollutants, owing to unfavorable locations of algal plants as well as to contamination introduced through water and fertilizers. Moreover, under alkaline conditions and in the presence of phosphate and sulfate ions from fertilizers, dissolved cadmium and lead ions in the medium produce slightly soluble compounds that precipitate or can

Principal Agricultural Practices Soil Preparation

The soil in Navelli is fertilized with mature horse or cow manure (about 30 tons ha). Contrary to cultivation practices in Spain and Greece, no mineral fertilizers whatsoever are used in Navelli. In Borgo Val di Taro (Parma), small saffron plantations have been planted and fertilized with both mineral fertilizers and manure.

Design of the MO Ontology

In another example, the classes ( The food provided to the organism (e.g., chow, fertilizer, DEMM 10 FBS, etc. )) and ( Water consumed by or enveloping the organism that the biosource is derived from ) are physical objects, but they are defined as subclasses of what appears to be an abstract object ( A description of the conditions used to grow organisms or parts of the organism. This includes isolated environments such as cultures and open environments such as field studies. ). Moreover, according to its definition, this abstract class denotes not conditions themselves, but a description of the conditions. So logically it can be inferred that 'water is a description of '. A possible solution is to define classes and as it was done for , and put the classes and as subclasses of or or whatever class might be more suitable.

Land Preparation And Planting

Farm manure is used at 10 to 20 tons per ha, depending on its availability, and thoroughly mixed with the soil. Before planting, the land is levelled to facilitate irrigation. The soil is prepared during August and September. Manure is also used in the third or fourth year of planting. No other fertilizers are used in the area for saffron production.

Research And Development Programmes

Current yields (2 to 2.5 kg per ha) are very low compared to those obtained in Italy (10-16 kg per ha) or Spain (10-12 kg per ha). Efforts are being devoted to better understanding the factors limiting yield and to improving the existing or introducing new cultural practices (use of fertilizers, selection of plant material, irrigation, etc.). Moreover, to improve the crop's benefit to the grower, organization of the marketing sector is under way, with the creation of a cooperative (with approximately 62 of the total surface area of saffron) being only the beginning. This reorganizing, coupled with a good advertising programme locally and overseas, is expected to ensure better marketing and sales. This would bring a better return to the farmer and would contribute to increasing interest in saffron cultivation and agriculture in general among young people.

Nitrogen sources and quantities

Nitrogen is abundant in the environment as N2, but it is N bonded to oxygen, hydrogen, or C such as nitrate, ammonium, and organic N that comprises reactive N, and until recently this originated mainly by biological N fixation (Wet-zel 2001). As a consequence of the synthesis of nitrogenous fertilizers, burning of fossil fuels, and wide cultivation of crops such as soybeans that have N-fixing microbial symbionts, annual N fixation from anthropogenic sources now exceeds natural fixation (Vitousek et al. 1997). FIGURE 11.2 Concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus from 928 streams of the United States that were considered to be relatively uncontaminated but affected to varying degrees by fertilizer runoff. The inorganic fraction of the total is shaded for each nutrient. (Based on data in Omernik 1977.) FIGURE 11.2 Concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus from 928 streams of the United States that were considered to be relatively uncontaminated but affected to varying degrees by...

Heavy Metal Contamination

As in other agricultural products, lead, mercury, cadmium, and arsenic are potential contaminants in algal products since they are components of industrial pollution and occur in trace amounts in certain agricultural fertilizers. It is known that certain microalgae are effective accumulators of heavy metals.37 The production of high-quality Spirulina therefore requires the use of high-grade nutrients and a meticulous and routine analysis of heavy metals in the culture medium and the product. This is particularly important in situations where food-grade Spirulina is to be produced from earthen ponds or natural lakes. The soil in certain regions may have a high content of heavy metals that can easily be accumulated by the algae.

Investigation of taxol production systems Construction of a test site

For industrial and practical utilization of extract components of Japanese yew, large-scale verification tests should be conducted. For example, studies are being conducted on the cultivation of medicinal plants, such as Polygala tennifolia (Fujino et al., 1998), Glenia littoralis (Ishizuka et al., 1998), Paeonia lactiflora (Hatakeyama et al., 1988), and Bupleurum falcatum (Minami et al., 1995), and on the application of fertilizers and cultivation periods (Sakai et al., 1996a), the relationship between shading conditions and growth (Sakai et al, 1996b), and germination and raising of seedlings (Isoda and Shoji, 1994).


The giant intestinal roundworm, Ascaris lum-bricoides, is a common parasite with worldwide distribution. Adult worms are 15-35 cm (6-14 inches) long and reside in the lumen of the small intestine. Sometimes, however, they are passed in the feces and, if vomited into the oral cavity, may exit from the host's mouth or nostrils thus they have been known to medical observers for millennia. Female worms produce up to 200,000 fertilized eggs daily, which are passed in the feces. Eggs incubate in soil for at least 2-3 weeks to produce an infective larval stage within them. The eggs are resistant to chemicals, desiccation, and extreme temperatures but mature or em-bryonate most rapidly in warm, moist, shady conditions in clay soils. People become infected by eating embryonated eggs in contaminated food or water or, in the case of toddlers, infection occurs by direct ingestion of eggs with dirt. Poor rural sanitation and the use of human feces for fertilizer obviously favor transmission....

Nutrient Budgets

A nutrient budget is constructed from estimates of all known inputs and outputs from a defined area. However, depending on the ease with which data can be obtained and the objectives of the study, budget calculations may be restricted to anthropogenic inputs and some terms may be omitted. For a catchment, the output is simply the total mass of nutrient exported by the river per unit time, divided by catchment area so that it is a yield (often reported as kg ha 1 year1). Catchment inputs include fertilizers, atmospheric deposition, N fixation, and nutrients contained in imported food and animal feed (Boyer et al. 2002). The latter is a net term, as a catchment may import more food and feed than it produces, or the converse. In the case of N, these terms are readily estimated and natural inputs are sufficiently small that their omission is of little importance. In the case of P, the principal anthropogenic inputs are fertilizer and imported food and feed. Natural inputs include...


Where anthropogenic inputs are important, N values are elevated, sometimes greatly. In the Ohio River, for example, the total N yield is 9.4 kg ha1 year1, of which two thirds is nitrate (Howarth et al. 1996). An impressive 80 of the variation in the export of nitrate from 35 major world rivers was explained by fertilizer application, atmospheric deposition, and human sewage (Caraco and Cole 1999). Nitrogen yields of rivers draining northwestern Europe and the eastern United States are up to 19 times higher than under pristine conditions (Howarth et al. 1996). Indeed, most of the increase in total N is attributable to increases in nitrate, due mainly to increased fertilizer application. In a river draining an agricultural watershed in Illinois, nitrate concentrations were usually between 8 and 10 mg L 1 (David et al. 1997), far higher than recorded at undisturbed sites (Table 11.1). Long-term data from the Mississippi River establish that nitrate concentrations changed little from the...


The mass balance relationship for P in river catchments is based upon inputs of fertilizers, manure, and sewage sludge applied to crop land, atmospheric deposition, and may include net import of food and feed (Baker and Richards 2002). Outputs are due to river export, and long-term storage can occur in soils. In comparison with N budgets, there is no biological fixation, atmospheric deposition is minor and often ignored, and there is no loss term analogous to denitrification. Natural weathering is difficult to determine, but may be small relative to other terms. From the perspective of river water concentrations and export, direct inputs from sewage treatment plants and surface runoff of animal waste can be a much larger contribution than is typical for N. For example, during periods of low flow, most P inputs to the Thame, a tributary of the Thames River in the United Kingdom, are from wastewater treatment plants and are delivered mostly as dissolved inorganic P. During high flows,...

Asexual Propagation

INORGANIC NUTRITION FERTILIZER APPLICATION In field experiments with four levels of N-fertilization (0, 80, 160, and 240 kgN ha) on a S. fruticosa crop (Karamanos, 1995) it was found that nitrogen application promoted plant height, branching, and herbage yields in comparison with the unfertilized plots. However, no significant difference among the three rates of N-application was detected, a fact indicating that rates of 80 kgN ha were enough to maintain a satisfactory crop growth. No significant effect of nitrogen on essential oil concentration was observed in this experiment. Similar results were also observed in other experi ments in the field (Bezzi, 1987 Marzi, 1987) and in solution culture (Economakis, 1993). No fertilizer effects were also detected on essential oil composition (Piccaglia & Marotti, 1993). However, essential oil yields increased significantly with N-application mainly because of the observed promotion by nitrogen in herbage yield (Karamanos, 1995). In practice,...

Rice paddy fields

To the hydrological regime of the floodplain environment. Rice fields are, in reality, temporary man-made aquatic habitats in which the hydro-logical regime is tightly controlled (Welcomme 1979). Typically grown in subtropical and tropical regions, rice is planted and harvested once or twice (occasionally three-times) a year in a range of irrigated, rain-fed lowland, flood-prone areas. Half the present world population is estimated to subsist wholly or partially on rice, with 90 of the world crop being grown and consumed in Asia (90-181 kg per person yr-1) in terms of quantity produced, rice ranks with wheat and corn. Rice has been grown in China for an estimated 4,000 years, however, plant remains discovered in Spirit Cave on the Thailand-Myanmar border, suggest that its cultivation may be as old as 10,000 years BC. Since these times, the method of rice cultivation has diversified according to locality. However, in most Asian countries the traditional methods of hand-cultivation and...