Policies and legislation

The Big Heart Disease Lie

Effective Home Treatments for Heart Disease

Get Instant Access

"The welfare of the people is the ultimate law."

Salus Populi Suprema Est Lex. Cicero (106 BCE-43 BCE)

Laws, treaties, policies and regulations have played important roles in the prevention and control of disease. Only governments can legislate for health warnings on cigarettes, introduce mandatory food standards and labelling, crack down on smuggling, set a "pro-health tax policy", or implement national transport policy. Often governments are the main providers of health care; they decide how funding is allocated, from prevention programmes to treatment, research, and training.

The first international convention that relates specifically to cardiovascular disease is the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. It was adopted without dissent by the World Health Assembly in Geneva in May 2003, and is currently in the process of ratification. Once 40 countries have ratified the Convention, it will come into effect as a legally binding treaty among those countries. The Convention includes clauses on advertising bans, smoke-free areas, health warnings, taxation, smoking cessation and smuggling.

■Yva^ « 4

"The welfare of the people is the ultimate law."

Salus Populi Suprema Est Lex. Cicero (106 BCE-43 BCE)

Cardiovascular disease plans worldwide

Percentage of countries by region with national plans for CVD prevention and control 2001 '^V

WHO regions

30%

A A

South-East Asia vwwriiaia

Western Pacific

ICELAND

many poland belarus

Smoke-free workplaces

Smoke-free areas in government buildings 2004 or latest available data latvia fl i*," ' TÍHUANTA

many poland belarus smoking banned smoking restricted not regulated unknown

Smoking in private workplaces banned. Exceptions or limited restrictions may apply to restaurants, bars, and other venues.

@ First five countries to ratify the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

MAURITANIA

MALI

CAPE VERDE senegal GAMBIA GUINEA-BISSAU

GUINEA

UGANDA

MALI

SAO TOME ft PRINCIPE

GABON

ERITREA ETHIOPIA

ERITREA ETHIOPIA

"0 HAT Kong M

marshall islands q nauru tuvalu o

UGANDA

KENYA

BRUNEI DAR. IAYSIA

Congo :z:f

UNITED REP.

TANZANIA "

MAURITIUS

BRUNEI DAR. IAYSIA

MAURITIUS

palau o

Al q nauru tuvalu o cook samoa slands vanuatu fiji tonga fiji tonga micronesia, fed. states of

PAPUA

INDONESIA NEW ^

GUINEA SOLOMON ISLANDS

1970 Singapore: smoking banned in buses, cinemas, theatres and other specified buildings.

PAPUA

INDONESIA NEW ^

1970 Singapore: smoking banned in buses, cinemas, theatres and other specified buildings.

Legislation

Percentage of countries by region with tobacco, and food and nutrition legislation 2001

WHO regions

^^ tobacco food and nutrition

43%

22% 22%

Pi

77%

Africa Americas Eastern Europe South-East Western Mediterranean Asia Pacific kiribati tokelau cook samoa slands vanuatu

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Kicking the Habit

Kicking the Habit

Stop Thinking About How You're Going To Quit Smoking When You Can Instantly Stomp It In Less Than 30 Days With A Proven Set of Techniques. When your

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment