The nutritive value and glycemic and lipemic responses of Spirulina-supplemented snacks are given in Table 3.8. Results indicated that among the test snacks Methi wada was most suitable in terms of glycemic (38%) and lipemic (12%) responses, followed by Matar chops (37%) andSamosa(39%). Biscuits and vegetable cutlets also produced a low-glycemic response but were higher than the previous three snacks. Dhebra produced the highest GI with curd (53%). The lower value for vegetable cutlets could be due to the frying process.
Spirulina, the blue-green algae, has some potent probiotic compounds that enhance health with more than 60% good quality proteins, vitamins, j-carotene, and Y-linolenic acid, and has become a favored material of health care. Therefore, spray-dried Spirulina was incorporated in various recipes to exploit its nutritional properties and to see its efficacy in terms of glycemic and lipemic responses. Spirulina, which contains single cell protein of high biological value, was added to the recipes at 2.5 g level. From the results of the present study, it is clear that the multiple components present in Spirulina could have played a role in eliciting relatively lower glycemic and lipemic responses as compared to the corresponding recipes without Spirulina. It has been well established that amino acids affect the postprandial glucose concentration.13 It could be speculated that the addition of 2.5 g of Spirulina, which is rich in protein, may bring in the insulin peak earlier in the recipes with Spirulina compared to recipes without Spirulina. This could be one of the possible mechanisms by which a lowered glycemic response was seen in recipes supplemented with Spirulina than in recipes without Spirulina. Further Spirulina contains y-linolenic acid and antioxidants, which may modulate the lipid metabolism favorably. It has been reported that low-GI diets bring about a 20% reduction in the TG levels in patients with hypertriglyceridemia.14,15 The positive shifts in the glycemic and lipemic responses have been substantiated by clinical trials with long-term Spirulina supplementation (2 g/day) for a period of 2 months in diabetics.16 All these observations confirm the efficacy of Spirulina as a hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic agent.
Hence, on the basis of sensory evaluation of data and looking at the glycemic and lipemic responses of the Spirulina-supplemented recipes it can be concluded that spray-dried Spirulina can be effectively used as an supportive therapy in the management of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.