Info

Energy (kcal)

1257 ± 261.76

1245 ± 363.43

1278 ± 307.48

Carbohydrate (g)

197.4 ± 48.23

185.6 ± 56.29

197.9 ± 52.31

Protein (g)

43.7 ± 31.23

36.5 ± 11.04

36.5 ± 9.97

Fat (g)

33.7 ± 10.67

34.9 ± 17.97

36.5 ± 11.75

^-Carotene (^g)

1527.1 ± 1455.92

1247.4 ± 888.84

1706.8 ± 1730.19

Vitamin C (mg)

58.1 ± 48.79

54.3 ± 50.48

54.6 ± 35.33

Linoleic acid (g)

10.1 ± 4.86

9.3 ± 5.57

9.7 ± 6.42

P/S ratio

1.9 ± 1.56

2.0 ± 1.33

1.5 ± 0.88

that the daily requirement of linoleic acid was adequately met and thus it cannot be the reason for the poor provision of GLA in the body.

With regard to the effect of Spirulina on protein status, the total protein value remained unaltered in Group A (only medication) and it showed a slight nonsignificant increase in Group B (medication + Spirulina) after a period of 4 months. However, in Group C, which was on exclusive Spirulina supplementation, a significant rise in total protein value was observed after a period of 4 months. This significant improvement in total protein value in Group C suggests the presence of high quality proteins in Spirulina (Table 4.7).

Also, when a comparison of protein status was made on a 2-monthly interval, it was observed that the mean serum total protein and albumin values remained unaltered in Group A (only medication), while they showed an increasing trend in Group B (medication + Spirulina) and Group C (only Spirulina) over a 4-month supplementation period. In Group C, which was on exclusive Spirulina supplementation a significant increase in serum total protein and albumin values was observed especially when the values were compared from baseline to 4 months and from 2 to

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