Source: Data from literature search of January 2000-September 2006.
three microorganisms. In Candida albicans, growth was inhibited 17.6% by aqueous extracts and 7.8% by methanolic extracts; in Staphylococcus aureus and Lactococ-cus lactis there was growth promotion by both extracts, ranging from 7.5 to 14.7%. Özdemir et al. (2004) demonstrated that extracts of S. platensis were active against four Gram-positive and six Gram-negative bacteria and a yeast, Candida albicans ATCC 10239 (Table 12.2).
In this study, the methanol extracts of S. platensis (comparable to tobramycin (10 ^g/disc), especially against S.faecalis, S. epidermidis, and C. albicans) showed more potent antimicrobial activity than the ethanol, hexane, acetone, and chloroform extracts.
Generally, when compared with the standard, tobramycin, all extracts, except the methanol extracts, exhibited low antimicrobial activity. The methanol and ethanol extracts showed antifungal activity against C. albicans, but less than that of the standard nystatin.
Another study examined ethanol, acetone, chloroform, hexane extracts of S. platensis against some test microorganisms. Aceton, chloroform, and hexane extracts showed more potent antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa and S. typhimurium than ethanol extracts, S. faecalis, and E. coli for acetone extracts Mycobacterium
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