S

Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 247 Salivary S-IgA antibody levels, in humans,

218-219 Salmonella typhii, 246 Salmonella typhimurium, 208, 250, 258 Samosa, 66

Sanitary analyses, 31-32 Scenedesmus acutus, 38 Scenedesmus obliquus, 38 Secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA)

in mucosal immune system, 209-214 phycocyanin ingestion effects, in mice, 214-218 type I allergy, 216-218 Selenium, 82, 234, 296 Sensory evaluation, of spray-dried Spirulina incorporated recipes, 52-57 characteristics, 52-53 parathas with curd, 53, 54 rice with curd, 53, 55 snacks, 55, 57

vegetable with chapati, 53-55, 56 Siam Algae Company, 22 Sodium-spirulan (Na-SP), 237 South Indian meal, 69 Spinach paratha with curd, 63-64 Spinach raita, 66 Spinach raita with onion rice, 66 Spirulan-like polysaccharides, 237 Spirulina, 1, 2-3

as antioxidant, 159-167 as antiviral agent, 227 distribution, in nature, 4 evolutionary history, 3-4 human use, history of, 4-5 morphological features, 3 production, 5-12, 21-22

environmental aspects, 21 quality assurance process control, 12-14 product quality and consistency, 14 product safety, 15-19 regulatory safety, 19-20 as therapeutic interventions, for inflammation and oxidative stress in aging, 277-285 use, 222-223 Spirulina antiviral studies in vitro, 229-231 Spirulina antiviral studies in vivo, 232-234 Spirulina biomass, 256, 257 Spirulina constituents, absorption of, 189-190 Spirulina-enriched diet, 115, 162 Spirulina fusiformis, 3, 101, 111, 113, 128,

165, 223, 294, 295, 296, 298, 299, 300 Spirulina indica, 3 Spirulina interactions, 293-301

cytochrome P450, effects on, 294-295 cytochrome P450 reductase, effects on, 294 drug-induced toxicity studies, 296-299 drug toxicity studies antioxdidant enzymes, 295-296 GST, effects on, 294 Spirulina major, 2

Spirulina maxima, 2, 4, 101, 103, 120, 158, 208, 230, 298 hypoglycemic action, in rats, 131 in zosteriform HSV-2 infected mice, 232

Spirulina-mediated dendritic cell activation, 197

Spirulina patent, 240

Spirulinaplatensis, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9,10, 101, 103, 111, 120, 124, 125, 126, 158, 159, 185, 195, 205-206, 208, 229, 230, 233, 235, 243, 247, 250, 252, 253, 296, 298 colony formation, in bone marrow cells, 189 cyanobacterial biomass, 256-257 effect on T cells, 188-189 extracts, antimicrobial activity of, 247,

250-251 food allergy, treatment for, 187 on HIV-1 replications, 229-230 immunoenhancing effects, 257-259 immunostimulant effects, on Cyprinus carpi, 259

macrophages phagocytic activity, in mice, 179

primary immune response, in

BALB/cAnNCrj mice, 207 scale-up process, 10 unialgal culture, maintenance of, 10-11 Spirulina powder, 12-13, 88

nutritional profile, 12 Spirulina-supplemented regional meals glycemic and lipemic responses, 61 Spirulina-supplemented rice-based preparations glycemic and lipemic responses, 59, 60 Spirulina-supplemented snacks glycemic and lipemic responses, 61-62 Spirulina-supplemented wheat-based preparations glycemic and lipemic responses, 60 Staphylococcus aureus, 246, 250, 251, 255 Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, 251 Staphylococcus aureus SBUG 11, 255 Staphylococcus epidermidis PTCC 1114, 246 Streptococcus aereus, 247 Streptococcus faecalis, 250 Streptococcus gordonii, 239 Streptococcus salivarius, 257 Streptococcus thermophilus, 256 Subchronic toxicity tests, 34 Sulfated polysaccharide, 124, 236, 237 Sulfoglycolipids, 238 Sulfolipids, 229, 230

Superoxide dismutase (SOD), 138, 273, 274,

295-296, 298, 300 Swiss albino mice, 110, 128, 294

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