A and B
or type B. The type O gene is either functionless or almost functionless, so that it causes no significant type O agglutinogen on the cells. Conversely, the type A and type B genes do cause strong agglutinogens on the cells.
The six possible combinations of genes, as shown in Table 35-1, are OO, OA, OB, AA, BB, and AB. These combinations of genes are known as the genotypes, and each person is one of the six genotypes.
One can also observe from Table 35-1 that a person with genotype OO produces no agglutinogens, and therefore the blood type is O. A person with genotype OA or AA produces type A agglutinogens and therefore has blood type A. Genotypes OB and BB give type B blood, and genotype AB gives type AB blood.
Relative Frequencies of the Different Blood Types.
The prevalence of the different blood types among one group of persons studied was approximately:
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