CHAPTER 38 Pulmonary Circulation, Pulmonary Edema, Pleural Fluid Physiologic Anatomy of the Pulmonary

Circulatory System Pressures in the Pulmonary System Blood Volume of the Lungs Blood Flow Through the Lungs and

Its Distribution Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure Gradients in the Lungs on Regional Pulmonary Blood Flow Zones 1, 2, and 3 of Pulmonary Blood Flow Effect of Increased Cardiac Output on Pulmonary Blood Flow and Pulmonary Arterial Pressure During Heavy Exercise Function of the Pulmonary Circulation When the Left Atrial Pressure Rises as a Result of Left-Sided Heart Failure Pulmonary Capillary Dynamics Capillary Exchange of Fluid in the Lungs, and Pulmonary Interstitial Fluid Dynamics Pulmonary Edema Fluid in the Pleural Cavity

CHAPTER 39 Physical Principles of Gas Exchange; Diffusion of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Through the Respiratory Membrane

Physics of Gas Diffusion and Gas Partial Pressures

Molecular Basis of Gas Diffusion Gas Pressures in a Mixture of Gases—

"Partial Pressures" of Individual Gases Pressures of Gases Dissolved in Water and Tissues Vapor Pressure of Water Diffusion of Gases Through Fluids— Pressure Difference Causes Net Diffusion

Diffusion of Gases Through Tissues Composition of Alveolar Air—Its Relation to Atmospheric Air

Rate at Which Alveolar Air Is Renewed by

Atmospheric Air Oxygen Concentration and Partial Pressure in the Alveoli CO2 Concentration and Partial Pressure in the Alveoli Expired Air Diffusion of Gases Through the Respiratory Membrane Factors That Affect the Rate of Gas Diffusion Through the Respiratory Membrane Diffusing Capacity of the Respiratory Membrane Effect of the Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio on Alveolar Gas Concentration Po2-Pco2, Va/Q Diagram Concept of the "Physiological Shunt" (When Va/Q Is Greater Than Normal) Abnormalities of Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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