Adelson DW, Million M: Tracking the moveable feast: sonomicrometry and gastrointestinal motility. News Physiol Sci 19:27, 2004. Daniel EE: Physiology and pathophysiology of the interstitial cell of Cajal: from bench to bedside. III. Interaction of interstitial cells of Cajal with neuromediators: an interim assessment. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281:G1329, 2001. Furness JB, Jones C, Nurgali K, Clerc N: Intrinsic primary afferent neurons and nerve circuits within the intestine. Prog Neurobiol 72:143, 2004. Hansen MB: The enteric nervous system II: gastrointestinal functions. Pharmacol Toxicol 92:249-57, 2003. Hobson AR, Aziz Q: Central nervous system processing of human visceral pain in health and disease. News Physiol Sci 18:109, 2003.
Hocker M: Molecular mechanisms of gastrin-dependent gene regulation. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1014:97, 2004.
Huizinga JD: Physiology and pathophysiology of the interstitial cell of Cajal: from bench to bedside. II. Gastric motility: lessons from mutant mice on slow waves and innervation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281:G1129, 2001.
Inui A, Asakawa A, Bowers CY, et al: Ghrelin, appetite, and gastric motility: the emerging role of the stomach as an endocrine organ. FASEB J 18:439, 2004.
Johnson LR: Gastrointestinal Physiology, 6th ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 2001.
Lammers WJ, Slack JR: Of slow waves and spike patches. News Physiol Sci 16:138, 2001.
Moran TH, Kinzig KP: Gastrointestinal satiety signals II. Cholecystokinin. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 286:G183, 2004.
Powley TL, Phillips RJ: Musings on the wanderer: what's new in our understanding of vago-vagal reflexes? I. Morphology and topography of vagal afferents innervating the GI tract. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 283:G1217, 2002.
Rehfeld JF: The new biology of gastrointestinal hormones. Physiol Rev 78:1087, 1998.
Sanders KM, Ordog T, Ward SM: Physiology and patho-physiology of the interstitial cells of Cajal: from bench to bedside. IV. Genetic and animal models of GI motility disorders caused by loss of interstitial cells of Cajal. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 282:G747, 2002.
Smith GP: Satiation: From Gut to Brain. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Thomas RP, Hellmich MR, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM: Role of gastrointestinal hormones in the proliferation of normal and neoplastic tissues. Endocr Rev 24:571, 2003.
Woods SC: Gastrointestinal satiety signals I. An overview of gastrointestinal signals that influence food intake. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 286:G7, 2004
Was this article helpful?
Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...