Unifying Theory of Control

The theoretical basis of control therapy builds upon and integrates several literatures, including self-efficacy; learned helplessness; optimism; competence; dyscontrol; reactance; will to meaning; will to superiority; cybernetic feedback models and disregulation; internal and external locus of control; self-determination; and self-control/delay of gratification.

Thus, control theory is based on an unifying bio-psychosocial theory of human control and self-control and has three postulates: (1) All individuals want a sense of control in their lives; (2) there are healthy and unhealthy ways by which they attempt to gain or regain that sense of control; and (3) there are individual differences in control profiles of individuals and in how they face this central issue of maintaining a healthy sense of control in their lives.

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