Virtually all persons engage in multiple forms of career behavior throughout their life. Examples include preparing for a work role, choosing and entering a job or occupation, dealing with the dynamics of work adjustment, moving from one job to another, becoming unemployed, and making plans for retirement. Although there are similarities in how persons approach such work-related tasks, there are also significant variations between males and females, persons of different educational or socioeconomic levels, persons of different racial and ethnic backgrounds, and persons with physical and mental disabilities. The term career development describes the processes and factors that influence how individuals develop a personal identity in regard to work, and how their beliefs, values, interests, and aptitudes are reflected in the transition, induction, and adjustment to work.
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