The varying relations between adolescents and their contexts constitute the basic process of development in this period and underlie both positive and negative outcomes that occur (Lerner, 2002). Most developmental trajectories across adolescence involve positive adjustment on the part of the adolescent. For most youth there is a continuation of warm and accepting relations with parents (Grotevant, 1998). The most optimal development occurs among youth who are afforded the individual and ecological assets needed not only for positive development but also for thriving (Benson, 1997; Damon, 1997).
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