Competencies are practical, flexible, observable, and measurable (Stratford, 1994). To be practical, a competency must consist of a manageable number of subskills. To be flexible, it must allow for a variety of approaches. This allows students to follow through with the task in a manner that best suits their development and the circumstances or that most effectively addresses the research topic.

After relevant skills are determined, a method of measuring designated target behaviors is developed. For example, competency in the administration of the Wechsler Scale may be verified by use of the Administrative Checklist for the WAIS-III (Sattler & Ryan, 2001). The competency approach understands that a minimal standard must be set and that, if that standard is not met, one is not considered competent (Fantuzzo, 1984).

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Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.

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