The process of giving birth to and raising young appears to result in permanent changes in behavior. Recent research has looked in great detail at individual differences in the style of mothering in rats. High licking-grooming dams spend more time grooming their pups than do low licking-grooming dams. It now appears, from cross-fostering studies, that this style of mothering is transmitted to subsequent generations, as offspring of a low licking-grooming dam that are raised by a high licking-grooming dam will show high levels of licking and grooming toward their own pups. Thus, experiential factors that influence maternal care include not only the dam's previous experience as a mother but her own experience of being mothered as an infant.
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With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.