Family Therapy

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A family analysis should be done on all AN patients who are living with their families and a decision made as to what type of family therapy or counseling is advisable. Most clinicians find it necessary to combine individual therapy with some sort of family counseling.

At the present time no treatment modality can predict recovery in a specific AN patient.


Connors, M. E., & Morse, W. (1993). Sexual abuse in eating disorders: A review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 1-11.

Crago, M., Schisslak, C. M., & Estes, L. S. (1996). Eating disturbances among American minority groups: A review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 19, 239-248. Crisp, A. H. (1970). Premorbid factors in adult disorders of weight, with particular reference to primary AN (weight phobia). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 14, 1-22. Devlin, B., Bacanu, S. A., Klump, K., Bulik, C., Fichter, M., Halmi, K. A., et al. (2002). Linkage analysis of anorexia nervosa incorporating behavioral covariates. Human Molecular Genetics, 11, 689-696.

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(1994). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. Eagles R., Johnston M., Hunter D., et al. (1995). Increasing incidences of AN in the female population of northeast Scotland. American Journal Psychiatry, 152, 1266-1271. Eckert, E. D., Halmi, K. A., Marchi, E. P., & Cohen, J. (1995). Ten-year follow-up of AN: Clinical course and outcome. Psychological Medicine, 25, 143-156. Gard, M. C., & Freeman, C. P. (1996). The dismantling of a myth: A review of eating disorders and social economic status. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 20, 1-12. Grice, D. E., Halmi, K. A., Fichter, M. M., Strober, M., Woodside, B. B., Treasure, J. T., et al. (2002). Evidence for a susceptibility gene for anorexia nervosa on chromosome 1. American Journal of Human Genetics, 70, 787-792. Halmi, K. A. (1999). Eating disorders: AN, bulimia nervosa and obesity. In K. E. Hales, S. C. Yudofsky, & J. Talbot (Eds.), American psychiatric textbook of psychiatry (3rd ed., pp. 983-1002). Washington, DC: American Psychiatry Association. Hoek, H. (1993). Review of the epidemiological studies of eating disorders. International Reviews of Psychiatry, 5, 61-64. Humphrey, L. L. (1988). Relationship within subtypes of anorectic,


bulimic, and normal families. J. Am Acad Child Adol Psychiatry, 27, 544-551.

Kleifield, E. I., Wagner, S., & Halmi, K. A. (1996). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of AN. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 19, 715-737.

Lee, S., Leung, T., & Lee, A. M. (1996). Body dissatisfaction among Chinese undergraduates and its implication for eating disorders in Hong Kong. International Eating Disorders Journal, 20, 77-84.

Russell, G. F. M., Szmukler, G. I., & Dore, C. (1987). An evaluation of family therapy in anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Arch. Gen Psych, 44, 1047-1056.

Tobin, D. L., Moltemi, A. L., & Elin, M. D. (1995). Early trauma, dissociation, and late onset in the eating disorders. International Eating Disorders Journal, 17, 305-315.

Treasure, J., & Holland, A. J. (1989). Genetic vulnerability to eating disorders: Evidence from twin and family studies. In M. H. Remschmidt & M. Schmidt (Eds.)., Child and youth psychiatry: European prospectives (pp. 59-68). New York: Hogrefe and Hubert.

Waller, G., Halek, C., & Crisp, A. H. (1993). Sexual abuse as a factor in AN: Evidence from two separate case series. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 37, 873-879.

Katherine Halmi

Cornell University Medical College

See also: Bulimia; Family Therapy

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