Modeling by in vivo demonstration is widely used as part of social skills training. Video modeling is the staple of many standard programs. It has been the primary component in a diverse range of training programs, from teaching young, isolated children to overcome their shyness, to providing alternatives to social behavior related to drug abuse, aggression, and other illicit or unhealthy activity. For example, films of age-appropriate students coping with social pressure to smoke cigarettes have been effective in programs at junior high schools. It may be noted that the programs with greatest effectiveness are those that illustrate adaptive coping (resisting coercion without destroying friendships), not negative consequences (early, gruesome death by cancer).
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