The Beck Depression Inventoryii

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The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II; Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996) is a 21-item self-report instrument for measuring the severity of depression in adolescents and adults according to symptoms corresponding to the criteria for diagnosing major depressive disorders listed in the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). It is the upgraded version of the amended Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-IA; Beck & Steer, 1993), which, in turn, replaced the original instrument developed by Beck, Ward, Mendelson, Mock, and Erbaugh (1961).

The BDI-II is scored by summing the highest rating for each of the 21 symptoms, and a 4-point scale ranging from 0 to 3 is employed for each item. Respondents are asked to rate each symptom for the past 2 weeks, through that day. This instrument generally requires between 5 and 10 minutes to complete. Beck, Steer, and Brown (1996) suggested the following cutoff score guidelines for evaluating the severity of self-reported depression in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorders: Total scores from 0 to 13 are "minimal," and those from 14 to 19 are "mild." Scores from 20 to 28 are "moderate," and scores from 29 to 63 are "severe."

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Natural Depression Cures

Natural Depression Cures

Are You Depressed? Heard the horror stories about anti-depressants and how they can just make things worse? Are you sick of being over medicated, glazed over and too fat from taking too many happy pills? Do you hate the dry mouth, the mania and mood swings and sleep disturbances that can come with taking a prescribed mood elevator?

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