Treatment of ADHD should be individualized depending upon the presenting concerns. Treatment approaches may include behavioral interventions combined with medica tion. Interventions begin with education about ADHD, its etiology, and its treatment. Behavioral interventions for children include social skills training, school interventions, and parent training in contingency management. Behavioral treatments for adults often focus on developmentally appropriate self-monitoring techniques (e.g., a self-prescribed reward for completing a goal), time management skills, organizational skills, social skills, and vocational counseling. Adults may also choose to have an individual therapist or coach to monitor daily progress.
The use of pharmacological interventions is warranted if the symptoms are interfering significantly with functioning at home, school, or work. Psychostimulant medications (e.g., methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine) are considered safe and effective treatments for ADHD and are used to treat children as well as adults whose diagnoses have been confirmed. Stimulants, typically considered the first line of defense, can produce improvements in impulse control, attention, on-task behavior, and social behavior. A number of new delivery systems for psychostimulant medications have become available that have the potential to reduce dosing from the older regimen of two to three times a day to once a day.
Other medications, including bupropion and tricyclic antidepressants, are considered when there are concerns regarding substance abuse or coexisting depression, or when the stimulants produce significant side effects. There are several new nonstimulant compounds under development for the disorder. These compounds target the norepineph-rinergic, histaminergic, and dopaminergic systems.
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Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD is a very complicated, and time and again misinterpreted, disorder. Its beginning is physiological, but it can have a multitude of consequences that come alongside with it. That apart, what is the differentiation between ADHD and ADD ADHD is the abbreviated form of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, its major indications being noticeable hyperactivity and impulsivity.