People who have a neurologic condition resulting from injury or disease may have sensory impairments (NINDS, April 21, 2003). These impairments may include diminished or absent tactile, temperature, pain, or proprioceptive (position of the limb or body in space) sensations (Volume II, Chapter 16). Furthermore, they may experience odd sensations (paresthesias) like numbness, pain, or tingling in the affected limbs. Loss of sensation can cause safety problems. For example, the person may not be able to determine that their hand is on something hot, resulting in a burn. If the person does not feel pain, they could get their hand caught in the wheel of a wheelchair. To decrease the risk of injury due to sensory impairments, equipment for improved positioning can be used, temperature gauges may be employed, no scald shower/bath faucets should be installed, and the individual should be trained to visually inspect the affected body part often.
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