Skin protection products are designed to protect the skin against exogenous risk factors occurring at the workplace. Among the most frequent non-toxic, non-cancerogenous and non-sensitizing low-grade hazards in the occupational field, water, wet work, detergents, solvents and cutting fluids seem to play an important role . Regular skin cleansing with washing substances is one of the probable potential ways by which skin irritation might be induced .
The surfactants in modern cleansing products are anionics, non-ionics and amphoters, each with a specific active profile. The dermatological effects of surfactants on skin can be attributed to four fundamental mechanisms, finally affecting barrier homoeostasis of the skin and other physiological factors: (1) adsorption to the skin surface; (2) removal of skin components; (3) penetration into deeper skin layers, and (4) cytotoxic effects on living cells in the epidermis. Consequences of this interaction with the skin, particularly with the SC, are the clinically well-studied symptoms of erythema, scaling, swelling and dryness, which can be nowadays documented and quantified by using a clinical assessment approach and biophysical instrumentation (measurements of transepider-mal water loss, SC hydration, epidermal perfusion, roughness of the skin surface and skin colour). In addition, subjective perceptions of sensorial discomfort such as tension, burning or itching might occur alone or in combination with pathological cutaneous symptoms.
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Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.