Lithium increases the synthesis and concentration of 5HT and reduces noradrenaline and dopamine activity. It competes with mono- and di-valent cations to affect the postsynaptic receptor protein sites and to alter sodium and potassium channel function.

It does not alter the total sleep time but reduces the number of arousals, increases the duration of stages 3 and 4 NREM sleep, increases REM sleep latency and reduces the duration of REM sleep. It also has a small, but consistent, effect in delaying circadian rhythms. It interacts with hypnotics, such as alcohol, to cause sedation and confusion.

The main indication for lithium is to stabilize the mood in bipolar (manic-depressive) disorders and in mania.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Healthy Sleep

Healthy Sleep

A Guide to Natural Sleep Remedies. Many of us experience the occasional night of sleeplessness without any consequences. It is when the occasional night here and there becomes a pattern of several nights in arow that you are faced with a sleeping problem. Repeated loss of sleep affects all areas of your life The physical, the mental, and theemotional. Sleep deprivation can affect your overall daily performance and may even havean effecton your personality.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment