Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) accounts for up to 10% of all diabetes, and is usually diagnosed in children and adolescents, although demographics are changing, predominantly due to the emergence of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in adolescents, most likely as a consequence of the recent epidemic of obesity in this generation.2 T1D is characterised by abnormally high blood glucose levels following autoimmune f cell destruction, and can lead to serious long-term complications including blindness, kidney failure, stroke, heart and vascular diseases.3 T1D is currently incurable, and is most commonly treated by lifelong daily insulin injections, although if inappropriately managed, this carries an increased risk of hypoglycaemia, and the restoration of normoglycaemia does not always alleviate the aforementioned secondary complications, and patients often have a reduced life expectancy.4
T2D is the most common form of diabetes, characterised by insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance, often with an associated increase in j cell mass due to over-production of insulin in an attempt to overcome this resistance. T2D is initially managed by diet and oral hypoglycaemic agents, although in approximately 50% of cases, the j cells fail, creating a requirement for insulin injection and often resulting in T1D-associated secondary side-effects. T2D usually occurs in genetically-predisposed people over the age of 40, although it is increasingly reported among younger people.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.