Temperament Traits

The Biological Theory of Sensation Seeking Developed by Zuckerman

Marvin Zuckerman is one of the very few differential psychologists who have been able to develop a theory of a temperament dimension, one which skillfully combines the correlational with the experimental approach, studies on humans with research on animals, and behavior characteristics with biochemical and psy-chophysiological measures. This multidirectional approach made it possible for the author to develop a causal theory of individual differences in sensation seeking. In terms of the...

Kagans Inhibited and Uninhibited Temperaments

In referring to the classifications of temperament conceptualizations presented in Table 3.1, Kagan's theory can be described as a causal, monodimensional (typological) one tending to an emotion orientation, strongly concentrated on infancy and early childhood. In spite of Kagan's long career in developmental psychology, his interest in temperament, stimulated by his own experience as well as by ideas and findings in the literature, began less than two decades ago. As delineated by Jerome Kagan...