The Neo Pavlovian Typology Teplov and His School

Teplov belongs to the group of eminent Russian psychologists who influenced the mode of thought and conduct of research over the first three decades of postwar psychology in the former Soviet Union. His scientific activity was very broad and strongly oriented to experimental approaches (Teplov, 1985). Working as a military psychologist from the 1920s he conducted a series of experiments on the psychological aspects of camouflage. Until the 1940s visual sensitivity and perception were his main scientific interests. He pioneered in Russian psychology in such domains as mental and musical abilities. He was also the founder of differential psychophysiology.

Teplov's interests in Pavlov's typology dates from the early 1950s. In 1951 he set up the Laboratory of Psychophysiology of Individual Differences at the Institute of Psychology in Moscow, and the first results of Teplov's research on nervous system properties were published in 1954. From the beginning Teplov attracted a group of psychologists who worked collectively until his death (1965) and continued to develop his ideas over at least the next two decades. Among Teplov's most eminent coworkers and students were Golubeva, Gurevich, Leites, Nebylitsyn, Ravich-Shcherbo and Rozhdestvenskaya. From the collective work of this group of researchers it is not always possible to identify the contribution of Teplov. Nevertheless, most of the original ideas stem from Teplov, Nebylitsyn, or both. Nebyl-itsyn was not only Teplov's most creative student but also his successor as head of the laboratory. It is therefore reasonable to speak of the Teplov-Nebylitsyn School (see Strelau, 1983).

The published contribution of Teplov and his coworkers is contained in 10 volumes, 5 ofwhich (1 to 5) were edited by Teplov (1956, 1959, 1963a, 1965, 1967) under the title: Typological Features of Higher Nervous Activity in Man. The consecutive 5 volumes (6 to 10), entitled Problems of Differential Psychophysiol-

ogy were edited by Nebylitsyn (1969, 1972b, 1974), Borisova and colleagues (1977), and Golubeva and Ravich-Shcherbo (1981). For the English reader the books edited by Gray (1964a), Nebylitsyn and Gray (1972), and the monographs written by Nebylitsyn (1972a), Mangan (1982), and Strelau (1983), give the most comprehensive information on the contribution of the Moscow School to the physiological and behavioral components of temperament.

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