Also known as simply bacterial thyroiditis, acute suppurative thyroiditis is a very rare condition. The term suppurative refers to the presence of bacteria and pus. Here, the thyroid gland suffers a dramatic pus-forming bacterial infection similar to the ones that cause abscesses. The thyroid gland becomes painful and inflamed, and a high fever and chills accompany the infection. Sometimes there is an abscess within the gland containing pus. Usually, the tenderness to the thyroid gland is obvious, so it's difficult to miss the symptoms. Sometimes, a fine needle biopsy can provide abscess material to examine for bacteria. Antibiotics, incision, and drainage are the treatment, with a beneficial response to this treatment confirming the diagnosis.
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