Preeclampsia comprises three conditions that trigger one another in a domino effect: water retention, high blood pressure, and protein in your urine (called proteinuria), which can lead to (or be symptomatic of) kidney damage. If you have only one or two of these symptoms, you don't have preeclampsia. All three of the symptoms must be present to be diagnosed with preeclampsia.
Eclampsia is a more severe form of preeclampsia, where in addition to the three symptoms listed, you may suffer from epileptic-like seizures. Usually, preeclampsia is caught and treated early enough to prevent eclampsia. But if you do progress to this, hospitalization and possibly early delivery by Cesarean section may be necessary.
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