This section explains other kinds of thyroid inflammation in more detail and discusses the three common forms and two uncommon forms thyroiditis can take. Sometimes inflammation can be caused by the autoimmune process, as described earlier in this chapter for Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In rare cases, bacterial infections (abscesses; infectious or suppurative thyroiditis) may cause a severely painful and swollen thyroid gland, along with fever and increases in the white blood count. These situations require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotic therapy. In other rare cases, painful inflammation of the thyroid gland may be associated with inflammatory nodules (granulomas) in the gland, possibly because of viral infection and known as subacute thyroiditis.
Was this article helpful?