the larynx from the esophagus and pharynx. We start a mucosal closure at that level and proceed inferi-orly. The landmarks of the superior and inferior edges of the thyroid cartilage approximate the larynx and the area of the cricoid cartilage (Figure 33-125). One needs to be careful not to put too much tissue from the esophagus in this area. There usually is room to place a second layer of suture in the muscles of the
Superior laryngeal artery and nerve
Superior thyroid artery
Pharynx opened partially
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