figure 16-1 Extent of airway resection and reconstruction in 36 patients with tuberculous bronchostenosis, as reported by Kato and colleagues.23 Reprinted with permission from Kato R et al.23
Bronchial disruptions may rarely require sleeve lobectomy.24 Most injuries respond to repair by simple closure. Two of the 6 late post-traumatic stenoses reported by Bueno and colleagues (see Table 16-3) required bronchial sleeve resection with or without sleeve lobectomy after failed repair elsewhere, whereas
4 developed a delayed stenosis.22 Benfield has emphasized the importance of involving trained thoracic surgeons in the care of these patients, and to recognize and repair the injury early with minimal loss of lung.25
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