L a

W ^

figure 5-7 Quantitative recording of tracheal pathology. A, Tomographic cut of a trachea with the tracheostomy tube in place, stenosis and granuloma below (between arrows), a widened tracheal segment below this, and a short distal normal segment above the carina. This is a road map for the bronchoscopist. Bronchoscopic views correspond. View at: B, glottis (arrow) to site of stoma; C, stoma with tube in place; D, stenosis distal to stoma; and E, malacic and dilated trachea below stenosis with carina distantly seen. F, Diagram sketched in the operating room, from bronchoscopic measurements, using a marking pen on glove paper. Noted are the distances between vocal cords and tracheostome (dotted lines; 1 cm), stoma and stenosis (1.5 cm), length of stenosis (2.5 cm), and distal trachea from stenosis to carina (4 cm). A granuloma is roughly outlined above the stenosis, and stippling distal to the stenosis locates malacia above a few remaining, relatively normal tracheal rings. The outlines at the left represent configuration of this severely damaged trachea at levels where they were observed. Total tracheal length is about 8 cm.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment