Risk Factors

Many putative risk factors for postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula exist and seem to be evident (Table 43-2). Right pneumonectomy is thought to be a risk factor since the right bronchus projects uncovered into the hemithorax after pneumonectomy, whereas the left bronchus retreats deeper into the mediastinum under the aortic arch. Radiation given long before surgery seems to be more of a risk factor than radiation given immediately preoperatively. Radiation doses exceeding 50 Gy are associated with higher

Table 43-1 Bronchopleural Fistula after Pneumonectomy
Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

This guide will help millions of people understand this condition so that they can take control of their lives and make informed decisions. The ebook covers information on a vast number of different types of neuropathy. In addition, it will be a useful resource for their families, caregivers, and health care providers.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment