1 Tweed, C H 1966 Clinical orthodontics. Mosby, St Louis
2 The 'A' Company Straight-Wire Appliance. An eight page descriptive brochure. 'A' Company, San Diego, CA, USA
3 Bennett J C, McLaughlin R P 1990 Controlled space closure with a preadjusted appliance system. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 24:251-260
4 Samuels R H, Rudge S J, Mair L H 1993 A comparison of the rate of space closure using a nickel-titanium spring and an elastic module: a clinical study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 103:464-467
5 Nattrass C, Ireland A J, Sherriff M 1997 An investigation into the placement of force delivery systems and the initial forces applied by clinicians during space closure. British Journal of Orthodontics 24:127-131
6 Nattrass C, Ireland A J, Sherriff M 1998 The effect of environmental factors on elastomeric chain and nickel titanium coil springs. European Journal of Orthodontics 20:169-176
7 Samuels R H, Rudge S J, Mair LH 1998 A clinical study of space closure with nickel-titanium closed coil springs and an elastic module. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 114:73-79
8 Pizzoni L, Ravnholt G, Meisen B 1998 Frictional forces related to self-ligating brackets. European Journal of Orthodontics 20:283-291
9 O'Reilly D, Dowling P A, Lagerstrom L, Swartz M L, 1999 An ex vivo Investigation into the effect of bracket displacement on the resistance to sliding. British Journal of Orthodontics 26:219-227
10 Ouchi K, Koga M, Watanabe K, Issiki Y, Kawada E 2001 The effects of retraction forces applied to the anterior segment on orthodontic arch wires - changes in wire deflection with wire size. Presented to southern California component of Edward H Angle Society. In press.
Was this article helpful?
All wart sufferers, this is the day to stop the shame. How I Got Rid Of My Warts Forever and How You Can Get Rid Of Warts Naturally In 3 Days. With No Blisters, No Scars, And No Pain Without medications or expensive procedures. All by applying a simple, very natural and unbelievable FREE substance that can be found in almost every household.