Stage 1 setting a PIP for the upper incisors

What is the ideal position for the upper incisors in the face in terms of A/P position, torque, and vertical positioning? Can ideal upper incisor position be achieved? If not, can an acceptable incisor position be achieved by orthodontics alone, or is it necessary to consider maxillary surgery? In this way, a PIP is determined for the case.

Fig. 7.6 At the start of treatment planning, it is necessary to determine a 'planned incisor position', or PIP, for the upper incisors. In some cases, the perceived ideal upper incisor position is a realistic treatment goal, and can be used as the PIP. In other cases, a PIP can be accepted which is not ideal, but which is acceptable for the case.

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