Management of acute watery diarrhoea in HIV-infected children is similar to that in HIV-uninfected children with an emphasis on prevention of dehydration or rehydration of the dehydrated child. State of hydration is more difficult to assess if the patient is severely malnourished and rehydration needs to be more careful.
Do not restrict intake of food but rather advise small frequent meals of nutritious food. If the child is breastfed, then this should be continued. Restricting the intake of food increases the chance of the child developing persistent diarrhoea.
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