Advantages and disadvantages of HIV antibody tests

HIV testing method

Advantages

Disadvantages

(formerly known as ELISA)

° less expensive than immunoblot ° large numbers of sera can be tested daily ° sensitive and specific

° some specialized laboratory equipment necessary ° skilled technical staff ° steady power supply ° a whole kit (90-100 samples) has to be used

Simple/rapid

° simple, rapid

(e.g. rapid

° less expensive than

immunobinding

immunoblot

assay)

° no specialized

equipment necessary

° supplied as single-use

tests so individual

specimens can be tested

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