Issues for discussion when the HIV test result is positive

° General health (good diet, balance of rest and exercise, avoiding infections, when to seek advice about symptoms of other HIV-related illnesses). ° Avoidance of preganancy.

° Awareness of possible anti-TB drug side-effects. ° A positive result is an entry point to medical care of HIV-related diseases, to chemoprophylaxis for opportunistic infections and possibly to ART. ° Safe sexual behaviour. ° Avoidance of blood or organ donation. ° The person's reaction to the test result. ° Emotional and psychological support for the person. ° How to tell friends, family and sexual partners. ° Counselling of partner(s) if possible.

° Referral to local community services and support groups, if available. ° Social implications, e.g. employment, life assurance.


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