Posttest counselling

The content of post-test counselling depends on the HIV test result.The aims are to discuss the result, share information, provide support, and encourage future safe sexual behaviour. Always ensure confidentiality. Break the news openly and sympathetically. When someone has a positive HIV test result, common reactions at different times may include shock, anger, guilt, grief and depression. People will need continuing support.

Issues for discussion when the HIV test result is negative ° If the person has recently indulged in high-risk behaviours, then he or she could still be incubating HIV (i.e. the test could be in the "window period").

° Avoidance of unsafe sexual behaviour. ° Promotion of healthy behaviour.

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